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1 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The subject "Good Governance" is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a state comes into being for life but it exists for good life.

The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort.

Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration, the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and $concurrence$ of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious $fraternity$.

In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor $seldom$ gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereaf ter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government!

The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and $bemoans$ that the country has a bad government.

The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country's governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives $oblivious$ of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves.

Besides, in a true democracy, the people $voluntarily$ observe the l aws, rul es and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of The people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost100% of the people.
If the people want to have a responsible government in a democracy
they should take charge of the elections
they shoul d el ect educated and experienced representatives
they should look for single-party rule
they should elect desirable candidates
2 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The subject "Good Governance" is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a state comes into being for life but it exists for good life.

The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort.

Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration, the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and $concurrence$ of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious $fraternity$.

In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor $seldom$ gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereaf ter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government!

The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and $bemoans$ that the country has a bad government.

The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country's governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives $oblivious$ of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves.

Besides, in a true democracy, the people $voluntarily$ observe the l aws, rul es and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of The people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost100% of the people.
Why does a person changing his party find it hard t o get re-el ected in mature democracies?
because political parties suspect his fidelity
because he losses his image in the political circle
because his eligibility for fighting elections gets questioned
because he has to depend upon the stand of his new party
None of these
3 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The subject "Good Governance" is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a state comes into being for life but it exists for good life.

The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort.

Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration, the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and $concurrence$ of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious $fraternity$.

In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor $seldom$ gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereaf ter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government!

The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and $bemoans$ that the country has a bad government.

The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country's governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives $oblivious$ of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves.

Besides, in a true democracy, the people $voluntarily$ observe the l aws, rul es and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of The people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost100% of the people.
In a country like India who is mainly responsible for good or bad governance?
the system of electing our representatives
he political parties
the voters
the political party in power
None of these
4 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The subject "Good Governance" is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a state comes into being for life but it exists for good life.

The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort.

Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration, the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and $concurrence$ of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious $fraternity$.

In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor $seldom$ gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereaf ter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government!

The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and $bemoans$ that the country has a bad government.

The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country's governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives $oblivious$ of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves.

Besides, in a true democracy, the people $voluntarily$ observe the l aws, rul es and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of The people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost100% of the people.
Which of the following is true in the context of the passage?
Good governance is related to the welfare of the people
We have a mature democracy in India
The leaders who change parites faces hurdles in getting re-elected in our country.
Colonial rule was much better than the present democracy
None of these
5 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The subject "Good Governance" is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a state comes into being for life but it exists for good life.

The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort.

Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration, the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and $concurrence$ of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious $fraternity$.

In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor $seldom$ gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereaf ter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government!

The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and $bemoans$ that the country has a bad government.

The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country's governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives $oblivious$ of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves.

Besides, in a true democracy, the people $voluntarily$ observe the l aws, rul es and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of The people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost100% of the people.
What makes Switzerland a successful democracy?
clear instructions regarding public concerns marked on boards even on roadsides
high rate of literacy among the populace
law-abiding citizens
governance with a mission
None of these
6 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The subject "Good Governance" is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a state comes into being for life but it exists for good life.

The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort.

Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration, the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and $concurrence$ of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious $fraternity$.

In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor $seldom$ gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereaf ter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government!

The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and $bemoans$ that the country has a bad government.

The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country's governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives $oblivious$ of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves.

Besides, in a true democracy, the people $voluntarily$ observe the l aws, rul es and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of The people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost100% of the people.
Which of the following suggestions may not be necessary to make India a mature democracy?
The voters should elect candidates with clean image
The voters should not entertain candidates who frequently change their party and ideology
The voters should shun their narrow interests while voting for their candidates
The people should respect the law of the land
None of these
7 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The subject "Good Governance" is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a state comes into being for life but it exists for good life.

The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort.

Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration, the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and $concurrence$ of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious $fraternity$.

In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor $seldom$ gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereaf ter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government!

The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and $bemoans$ that the country has a bad government.

The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country's governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives $oblivious$ of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves.

Besides, in a true democracy, the people $voluntarily$ observe the l aws, rul es and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of The people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost100% of the people.
With which stream does the author seem to be related?
Sociology
History
Political Science
Constitution of India
None of these
8 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The subject "Good Governance" is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a state comes into being for life but it exists for good life.

The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort.

Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration, the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and $concurrence$ of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious $fraternity$.

In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor $seldom$ gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereaf ter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government!

The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and $bemoans$ that the country has a bad government.

The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country's governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives $oblivious$ of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves.

Besides, in a true democracy, the people $voluntarily$ observe the l aws, rul es and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of The people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost100% of the people.

Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.
$Concurrence$
satisfactioin
agreement
participation
loyalty
dependence
9 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The subject "Good Governance" is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a state comes into being for life but it exists for good life.

The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort.

Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration, the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and $concurrence$ of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious $fraternity$.

In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor $seldom$ gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereaf ter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government!

The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and $bemoans$ that the country has a bad government.

The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country's governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives $oblivious$ of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves.

Besides, in a true democracy, the people $voluntarily$ observe the l aws, rul es and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of The people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost100% of the people.

Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.
$Fraternity$
society
groups
background
ethnicity
brotherhood
10 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The subject "Good Governance" is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a state comes into being for life but it exists for good life.

The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort.

Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration, the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and $concurrence$ of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious $fraternity$.

In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor $seldom$ gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereaf ter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government!

The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and $bemoans$ that the country has a bad government.

The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country's governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives $oblivious$ of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves.

Besides, in a true democracy, the people $voluntarily$ observe the l aws, rul es and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of The people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost100% of the people.

Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.
$Voluntarily$
basically
generally
systematically
willingly
unitedly