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## Home IBPS PO / English Language Test 31 Questions and Answers

1 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

In the past, the richest states often grew the fastest and the poor ones the slowest. But India's record GDP growth of 8.49% per year in the five-year period 2014 - 15 is a case of improved productivity and growth in customarily poor states trickling up and aggregating into rapid growth at the national level.

Nobody should call this a success of trickledown economics. Trickle-down assumes that fast growth can be had simple by changing a few policies that benefit the rich, after which some benefits trickle down to the poor. In fact, miracle growth is globally rare, precisely because it is so difficult for countries to improve the productivity of a substantial proportion of the population. Only when productivity improvement is widespread is there enough productivity improvement from all regions and people to $add$ up to fast growth. In other words, fast growth does not trickle down; it trickles up.

Once a country grows fast, government revenues will boom, and can be used to accelerate spending in social sectors and welfare. Miracle growth and record revenues enables the Central government to finance social welfare schemes, farm loan waivers and enormous oil subsidies. This can be called the trickling down of part of the revenue bonanza into welfare and workfare. But neither welfare nor workfare could have caused the $sharp$ acceleration of economic growth. The growth bonanza itself was sparked by state-level political and policy changes that accelerated local growth, which then trickled up to the national level.
Which of the following best describes the author's view of trickle-down theory?
It ensures accountability of the government even at the grassroots level.
It has been effective in helping poor states catch up with richer ones.
It promotes inclusive growth over quick growth.
It targets social welfare at the cost of economic growth
It has largely failed to drive sustained growth
2 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

In the past, the richest states often grew the fastest and the poor ones the slowest. But India's record GDP growth of 8.49% per year in the five-year period 2014 - 15 is a case of improved productivity and growth in customarily poor states trickling up and aggregating into rapid growth at the national level.

Nobody should call this a success of trickledown economics. Trickle-down assumes that fast growth can be had simple by changing a few policies that benefit the rich, after which some benefits trickle down to the poor. In fact, miracle growth is globally rare, precisely because it is so difficult for countries to improve the productivity of a substantial proportion of the population. Only when productivity improvement is widespread is there enough productivity improvement from all regions and people to $add$ up to fast growth. In other words, fast growth does not trickle down; it trickles up.

Once a country grows fast, government revenues will boom, and can be used to accelerate spending in social sectors and welfare. Miracle growth and record revenues enables the Central government to finance social welfare schemes, farm loan waivers and enormous oil subsidies. This can be called the trickling down of part of the revenue bonanza into welfare and workfare. But neither welfare nor workfare could have caused the $sharp$ acceleration of economic growth. The growth bonanza itself was sparked by state-level political and policy changes that accelerated local growth, which then trickled up to the national level.
Which of the following is TRUE in the context of the passage?
India's growth was more inclusive in nature during 2014-2015 than it had been in the past.
Developed countries use the same model of development as India
Widespread growth is best achieved through Central Gov ernmentMonitored schemes
At present India's traditionally poor states are more prosperous than her socially developed ones
There shoul d be no government expenditure in social sectors if the current hi gh growth rate i s not maintained
3 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

In the past, the richest states often grew the fastest and the poor ones the slowest. But India's record GDP growth of 8.49% per year in the five-year period 2014 - 15 is a case of improved productivity and growth in customarily poor states trickling up and aggregating into rapid growth at the national level.

Nobody should call this a success of trickledown economics. Trickle-down assumes that fast growth can be had simple by changing a few policies that benefit the rich, after which some benefits trickle down to the poor. In fact, miracle growth is globally rare, precisely because it is so difficult for countries to improve the productivity of a substantial proportion of the population. Only when productivity improvement is widespread is there enough productivity improvement from all regions and people to $add$ up to fast growth. In other words, fast growth does not trickle down; it trickles up.

Once a country grows fast, government revenues will boom, and can be used to accelerate spending in social sectors and welfare. Miracle growth and record revenues enables the Central government to finance social welfare schemes, farm loan waivers and enormous oil subsidies. This can be called the trickling down of part of the revenue bonanza into welfare and workfare. But neither welfare nor workfare could have caused the $sharp$ acceleration of economic growth. The growth bonanza itself was sparked by state-level political and policy changes that accelerated local growth, which then trickled up to the national level.
Why have countries found it difficult to achieve high growth?

A. Ensuring an increase in the output among a large number of citizens is difficult.

B. Corrupti on of pol i ti ci ans at the grassroots level results in the benefits of growth not reaching the poor.

C. The government's failure to allocate sufficient income to inclusive social welfare schemes
Only A
Only A and B
Only B and C
All A, B and C
None of these
4 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

In the past, the richest states often grew the fastest and the poor ones the slowest. But India's record GDP growth of 8.49% per year in the five-year period 2014 - 15 is a case of improved productivity and growth in customarily poor states trickling up and aggregating into rapid growth at the national level.

Nobody should call this a success of trickledown economics. Trickle-down assumes that fast growth can be had simple by changing a few policies that benefit the rich, after which some benefits trickle down to the poor. In fact, miracle growth is globally rare, precisely because it is so difficult for countries to improve the productivity of a substantial proportion of the population. Only when productivity improvement is widespread is there enough productivity improvement from all regions and people to $add$ up to fast growth. In other words, fast growth does not trickle down; it trickles up.

Once a country grows fast, government revenues will boom, and can be used to accelerate spending in social sectors and welfare. Miracle growth and record revenues enables the Central government to finance social welfare schemes, farm loan waivers and enormous oil subsidies. This can be called the trickling down of part of the revenue bonanza into welfare and workfare. But neither welfare nor workfare could have caused the $sharp$ acceleration of economic growth. The growth bonanza itself was sparked by state-level political and policy changes that accelerated local growth, which then trickled up to the national level.
What is the author's objective in writing this passage?
Advocating greater autonomy for the richest states in India
Urging the government to invest in social development to facilitate economic growth
Criticising traditional economic principles on which the Indian economy is based
Encouraging larger states to disburse more wealth at the grassroots level
None of these
5 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

In the past, the richest states often grew the fastest and the poor ones the slowest. But India's record GDP growth of 8.49% per year in the five-year period 2014 - 15 is a case of improved productivity and growth in customarily poor states trickling up and aggregating into rapid growth at the national level.

Nobody should call this a success of trickledown economics. Trickle-down assumes that fast growth can be had simple by changing a few policies that benefit the rich, after which some benefits trickle down to the poor. In fact, miracle growth is globally rare, precisely because it is so difficult for countries to improve the productivity of a substantial proportion of the population. Only when productivity improvement is widespread is there enough productivity improvement from all regions and people to $add$ up to fast growth. In other words, fast growth does not trickle down; it trickles up.

Once a country grows fast, government revenues will boom, and can be used to accelerate spending in social sectors and welfare. Miracle growth and record revenues enables the Central government to finance social welfare schemes, farm loan waivers and enormous oil subsidies. This can be called the trickling down of part of the revenue bonanza into welfare and workfare. But neither welfare nor workfare could have caused the $sharp$ acceleration of economic growth. The growth bonanza itself was sparked by state-level political and policy changes that accelerated local growth, which then trickled up to the national level.
Which of the following is similar in meaning to the word 'Add' as used in the context of the passage?
Aggravate
Result
Include
Compute
Intensify
6 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

In the past, the richest states often grew the fastest and the poor ones the slowest. But India's record GDP growth of 8.49% per year in the five-year period 2014 - 15 is a case of improved productivity and growth in customarily poor states trickling up and aggregating into rapid growth at the national level.

Nobody should call this a success of trickledown economics. Trickle-down assumes that fast growth can be had simple by changing a few policies that benefit the rich, after which some benefits trickle down to the poor. In fact, miracle growth is globally rare, precisely because it is so difficult for countries to improve the productivity of a substantial proportion of the population. Only when productivity improvement is widespread is there enough productivity improvement from all regions and people to $add$ up to fast growth. In other words, fast growth does not trickle down; it trickles up.

Once a country grows fast, government revenues will boom, and can be used to accelerate spending in social sectors and welfare. Miracle growth and record revenues enables the Central government to finance social welfare schemes, farm loan waivers and enormous oil subsidies. This can be called the trickling down of part of the revenue bonanza into welfare and workfare. But neither welfare nor workfare could have caused the $sharp$ acceleration of economic growth. The growth bonanza itself was sparked by state-level political and policy changes that accelerated local growth, which then trickled up to the national level.
Which of the following is opposite in meaning of the word 'SHARP' as used in the context of the passage?
Blunt
Expected
Late
Indistinct
7 . Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in the proper sequence to f orm a meaningf ul paragraph; then answer the questions given below them.

(A) It is therefore a contributing factor to the growth of landfills and waterway pollution, both of which are costly and energyintensive to solve.

(B) Making an effort to use those resources and avoid polystyrene ones can help to decrease your environmental impact.

(C) Non-biodegradable essentially means that any polystyrene that makes its way into a landfill will stay there indefinitely, never breaking down and returning to the earth.

(D) Polystyrene, as a product , is very convenient to use, but i t has some important effects we should consider when making choices as consumers,

(E) While recycling polystyrene material can cushion the environmental blow of its use, alternatives are available that are created from renewable resources and biodegrade more readily.

(F) For example, while polystyrene has some excellent uses and is technically recyclable, it is not a substance that biodegrades.
Which of the following should be the LAST (SIXTH) sentence after rearrangement?
A
B
C
D
E
8 . Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in the proper sequence to f orm a meaningf ul paragraph; then answer the questions given below them.

(A) It is therefore a contributing factor to the growth of landfills and waterway pollution, both of which are costly and energyintensive to solve.

(B) Making an effort to use those resources and avoid polystyrene ones can help to decrease your environmental impact.

(C) Non-biodegradable essentially means that any polystyrene that makes its way into a landfill will stay there indefinitely, never breaking down and returning to the earth.

(D) Polystyrene, as a product , is very convenient to use, but i t has some important effects we should consider when making choices as consumers,

(E) While recycling polystyrene material can cushion the environmental blow of its use, alternatives are available that are created from renewable resources and biodegrade more readily.

(F) For example, while polystyrene has some excellent uses and is technically recyclable, it is not a substance that biodegrades.
Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?
E
F
A
D
B
9 . Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in the proper sequence to f orm a meaningf ul paragraph; then answer the questions given below them.

(A) It is therefore a contributing factor to the growth of landfills and waterway pollution, both of which are costly and energyintensive to solve.

(B) Making an effort to use those resources and avoid polystyrene ones can help to decrease your environmental impact.

(C) Non-biodegradable essentially means that any polystyrene that makes its way into a landfill will stay there indefinitely, never breaking down and returning to the earth.

(D) Polystyrene, as a product , is very convenient to use, but i t has some important effects we should consider when making choices as consumers,

(E) While recycling polystyrene material can cushion the environmental blow of its use, alternatives are available that are created from renewable resources and biodegrade more readily.

(F) For example, while polystyrene has some excellent uses and is technically recyclable, it is not a substance that biodegrades.
Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
A
B
C
D
E
10 . Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in the proper sequence to f orm a meaningf ul paragraph; then answer the questions given below them.

(A) It is therefore a contributing factor to the growth of landfills and waterway pollution, both of which are costly and energyintensive to solve.

(B) Making an effort to use those resources and avoid polystyrene ones can help to decrease your environmental impact.

(C) Non-biodegradable essentially means that any polystyrene that makes its way into a landfill will stay there indefinitely, never breaking down and returning to the earth.

(D) Polystyrene, as a product , is very convenient to use, but i t has some important effects we should consider when making choices as consumers,

(E) While recycling polystyrene material can cushion the environmental blow of its use, alternatives are available that are created from renewable resources and biodegrade more readily.

(F) For example, while polystyrene has some excellent uses and is technically recyclable, it is not a substance that biodegrades.
Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?
B
C
D
E
F