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## Home IBPS PO / English Language Test 146 Questions and Answers

1 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A new analysis has determined that the threat of global warming can still be greatly $diminished$ if nations cut emissions of heattrapping greenhouse gases by 70% this century. The analysis was done by scientists at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). While global temperatures would rise, the most dangerous potential aspects of climate change, including massive losses of Arctic sea ice and permafrost and $significant$ sea-level rise, could be partially avoided.
'This research indicates that we can no longer avoid significant warming during this century,' said NCAR scientist Warren Washington, the study paper's lead author. 'But, if the world were to implement this level of emission cuts, we could stabilize the threat of climate change,' he added.
Average global temperatures have warmed by close to 1 degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era. Much of the warming is due to humanproduced emissions of greenhouse gases, predominantly carbon dioxide. This heat-trapping gas has increased from a pre-industrial level of about 284 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere to more than 380 ppm today. With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree celsius may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for $dramatic$ cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
To examine the impact of such cuts on the world's climate, Washington and his colleagues ran a series of global studies with the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model (CCSM). They assumed that carbon dioxide levels could be held to 450 ppm at the end of this century. In contrast, emissions are now on track to reach about 750 ppm by 2100 if unchecked. The team's results showed that if carbon dioxide were held to 450 ppm, global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degree Celsius above current readings by the end of the century. In contrast, the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course. Holding carbon dioxide levels to 450 ppm would have other impacts, according to the climate modelling study.
Sea small level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summer time would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three- quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.
What would NOT be one of the impacts of cutting greenhouse gas emissions?
Temperatures will stop soaring
Ice in the Arctic sea would melt at a slower pace
The rise in sea level would be lesser
All of the above would be the impact
None of these
2 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A new analysis has determined that the threat of global warming can still be greatly $diminished$ if nations cut emissions of heattrapping greenhouse gases by 70% this century. The analysis was done by scientists at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). While global temperatures would rise, the most dangerous potential aspects of climate change, including massive losses of Arctic sea ice and permafrost and $significant$ sea-level rise, could be partially avoided.
'This research indicates that we can no longer avoid significant warming during this century,' said NCAR scientist Warren Washington, the study paper's lead author. 'But, if the world were to implement this level of emission cuts, we could stabilize the threat of climate change,' he added.
Average global temperatures have warmed by close to 1 degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era. Much of the warming is due to humanproduced emissions of greenhouse gases, predominantly carbon dioxide. This heat-trapping gas has increased from a pre-industrial level of about 284 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere to more than 380 ppm today. With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree celsius may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for $dramatic$ cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
To examine the impact of such cuts on the world's climate, Washington and his colleagues ran a series of global studies with the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model (CCSM). They assumed that carbon dioxide levels could be held to 450 ppm at the end of this century. In contrast, emissions are now on track to reach about 750 ppm by 2100 if unchecked. The team's results showed that if carbon dioxide were held to 450 ppm, global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degree Celsius above current readings by the end of the century. In contrast, the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course. Holding carbon dioxide levels to 450 ppm would have other impacts, according to the climate modelling study.
Sea small level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summer time would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three- quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.
What would be the impact of unchecked greenhouse gas and carbon dioxide emissions?
The temperature would rise from the current temperature by 2.2 degrees Celsius.
The sea level would rise by about 5.5 inches
The Arctic ice would stabilize by 2100
The Arctic ice would reduce by onefourth
None of these
3 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A new analysis has determined that the threat of global warming can still be greatly $diminished$ if nations cut emissions of heattrapping greenhouse gases by 70% this century. The analysis was done by scientists at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). While global temperatures would rise, the most dangerous potential aspects of climate change, including massive losses of Arctic sea ice and permafrost and $significant$ sea-level rise, could be partially avoided.
'This research indicates that we can no longer avoid significant warming during this century,' said NCAR scientist Warren Washington, the study paper's lead author. 'But, if the world were to implement this level of emission cuts, we could stabilize the threat of climate change,' he added.
Average global temperatures have warmed by close to 1 degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era. Much of the warming is due to humanproduced emissions of greenhouse gases, predominantly carbon dioxide. This heat-trapping gas has increased from a pre-industrial level of about 284 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere to more than 380 ppm today. With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree celsius may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for $dramatic$ cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
To examine the impact of such cuts on the world's climate, Washington and his colleagues ran a series of global studies with the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model (CCSM). They assumed that carbon dioxide levels could be held to 450 ppm at the end of this century. In contrast, emissions are now on track to reach about 750 ppm by 2100 if unchecked. The team's results showed that if carbon dioxide were held to 450 ppm, global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degree Celsius above current readings by the end of the century. In contrast, the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course. Holding carbon dioxide levels to 450 ppm would have other impacts, according to the climate modelling study.
Sea small level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summer time would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three- quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.
Which of the following statements is true in the context of the passage?
At present the carbon dioxide emission is about 284 ppm
The carbon dioxide emissions will be about 450 ppm at the end of this century if unchecked.
The carbon dioxide emission was about 330 ppm during the pre-industrial era
The carbon dioxide emissions will be about 750 ppm at the end of this century if unchecked
None of these
4 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A new analysis has determined that the threat of global warming can still be greatly $diminished$ if nations cut emissions of heattrapping greenhouse gases by 70% this century. The analysis was done by scientists at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). While global temperatures would rise, the most dangerous potential aspects of climate change, including massive losses of Arctic sea ice and permafrost and $significant$ sea-level rise, could be partially avoided.
'This research indicates that we can no longer avoid significant warming during this century,' said NCAR scientist Warren Washington, the study paper's lead author. 'But, if the world were to implement this level of emission cuts, we could stabilize the threat of climate change,' he added.
Average global temperatures have warmed by close to 1 degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era. Much of the warming is due to humanproduced emissions of greenhouse gases, predominantly carbon dioxide. This heat-trapping gas has increased from a pre-industrial level of about 284 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere to more than 380 ppm today. With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree celsius may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for $dramatic$ cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
To examine the impact of such cuts on the world's climate, Washington and his colleagues ran a series of global studies with the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model (CCSM). They assumed that carbon dioxide levels could be held to 450 ppm at the end of this century. In contrast, emissions are now on track to reach about 750 ppm by 2100 if unchecked. The team's results showed that if carbon dioxide were held to 450 ppm, global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degree Celsius above current readings by the end of the century. In contrast, the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course. Holding carbon dioxide levels to 450 ppm would have other impacts, according to the climate modelling study.
Sea small level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summer time would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three- quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.
What does the scientist Warren Washington mean when he says we could stabilize the threat of climate change? ""
Climate change can be stopped completely
Climate change can be regularised
Climate change and its effects can be studied extensively
The ill-effects of the change in climate can be minimised
None of these
5 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A new analysis has determined that the threat of global warming can still be greatly $diminished$ if nations cut emissions of heattrapping greenhouse gases by 70% this century. The analysis was done by scientists at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). While global temperatures would rise, the most dangerous potential aspects of climate change, including massive losses of Arctic sea ice and permafrost and $significant$ sea-level rise, could be partially avoided.
'This research indicates that we can no longer avoid significant warming during this century,' said NCAR scientist Warren Washington, the study paper's lead author. 'But, if the world were to implement this level of emission cuts, we could stabilize the threat of climate change,' he added.
Average global temperatures have warmed by close to 1 degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era. Much of the warming is due to humanproduced emissions of greenhouse gases, predominantly carbon dioxide. This heat-trapping gas has increased from a pre-industrial level of about 284 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere to more than 380 ppm today. With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree celsius may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for $dramatic$ cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
To examine the impact of such cuts on the world's climate, Washington and his colleagues ran a series of global studies with the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model (CCSM). They assumed that carbon dioxide levels could be held to 450 ppm at the end of this century. In contrast, emissions are now on track to reach about 750 ppm by 2100 if unchecked. The team's results showed that if carbon dioxide were held to 450 ppm, global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degree Celsius above current readings by the end of the century. In contrast, the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course. Holding carbon dioxide levels to 450 ppm would have other impacts, according to the climate modelling study.
Sea small level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summer time would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three- quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.
Why did Washington and his colleagues conduct a series of studies?
Because they realized that the temperature increase was almost about 1 degree Celsius
So that they could stabilize the climate change
So that they could help the European Union in cutting the carbon dioxide emissions
Because they found out that the greenhouse gas emissions could be cut by 70%
None of these
6 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A new analysis has determined that the threat of global warming can still be greatly $diminished$ if nations cut emissions of heattrapping greenhouse gases by 70% this century. The analysis was done by scientists at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). While global temperatures would rise, the most dangerous potential aspects of climate change, including massive losses of Arctic sea ice and permafrost and $significant$ sea-level rise, could be partially avoided.
'This research indicates that we can no longer avoid significant warming during this century,' said NCAR scientist Warren Washington, the study paper's lead author. 'But, if the world were to implement this level of emission cuts, we could stabilize the threat of climate change,' he added.
Average global temperatures have warmed by close to 1 degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era. Much of the warming is due to humanproduced emissions of greenhouse gases, predominantly carbon dioxide. This heat-trapping gas has increased from a pre-industrial level of about 284 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere to more than 380 ppm today. With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree celsius may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for $dramatic$ cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
To examine the impact of such cuts on the world's climate, Washington and his colleagues ran a series of global studies with the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model (CCSM). They assumed that carbon dioxide levels could be held to 450 ppm at the end of this century. In contrast, emissions are now on track to reach about 750 ppm by 2100 if unchecked. The team's results showed that if carbon dioxide were held to 450 ppm, global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degree Celsius above current readings by the end of the century. In contrast, the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course. Holding carbon dioxide levels to 450 ppm would have other impacts, according to the climate modelling study.
Sea small level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summer time would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three- quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.
What would be the impact of holding the carbon dioxide level at 450 ppm at the end of this century?
(i) Global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degrees Celsius.
(ii) Arctic warming would be reduced by half.
(iii)Thermal expansion will stop completely
Only I
Only I and II
Only II and III
All the three I, II and III
None of these
7 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A new analysis has determined that the threat of global warming can still be greatly $diminished$ if nations cut emissions of heattrapping greenhouse gases by 70% this century. The analysis was done by scientists at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). While global temperatures would rise, the most dangerous potential aspects of climate change, including massive losses of Arctic sea ice and permafrost and $significant$ sea-level rise, could be partially avoided.
'This research indicates that we can no longer avoid significant warming during this century,' said NCAR scientist Warren Washington, the study paper's lead author. 'But, if the world were to implement this level of emission cuts, we could stabilize the threat of climate change,' he added.
Average global temperatures have warmed by close to 1 degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era. Much of the warming is due to humanproduced emissions of greenhouse gases, predominantly carbon dioxide. This heat-trapping gas has increased from a pre-industrial level of about 284 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere to more than 380 ppm today. With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree celsius may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for $dramatic$ cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
To examine the impact of such cuts on the world's climate, Washington and his colleagues ran a series of global studies with the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model (CCSM). They assumed that carbon dioxide levels could be held to 450 ppm at the end of this century. In contrast, emissions are now on track to reach about 750 ppm by 2100 if unchecked. The team's results showed that if carbon dioxide were held to 450 ppm, global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degree Celsius above current readings by the end of the century. In contrast, the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course. Holding carbon dioxide levels to 450 ppm would have other impacts, according to the climate modelling study.
Sea small level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summer time would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three- quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.
Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
DRAMATIC
unprecedented
thrilling
spectacular
effective
feeble
8 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A new analysis has determined that the threat of global warming can still be greatly $diminished$ if nations cut emissions of heattrapping greenhouse gases by 70% this century. The analysis was done by scientists at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). While global temperatures would rise, the most dangerous potential aspects of climate change, including massive losses of Arctic sea ice and permafrost and $significant$ sea-level rise, could be partially avoided.
'This research indicates that we can no longer avoid significant warming during this century,' said NCAR scientist Warren Washington, the study paper's lead author. 'But, if the world were to implement this level of emission cuts, we could stabilize the threat of climate change,' he added.
Average global temperatures have warmed by close to 1 degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era. Much of the warming is due to humanproduced emissions of greenhouse gases, predominantly carbon dioxide. This heat-trapping gas has increased from a pre-industrial level of about 284 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere to more than 380 ppm today. With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree celsius may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for $dramatic$ cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
To examine the impact of such cuts on the world's climate, Washington and his colleagues ran a series of global studies with the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model (CCSM). They assumed that carbon dioxide levels could be held to 450 ppm at the end of this century. In contrast, emissions are now on track to reach about 750 ppm by 2100 if unchecked. The team's results showed that if carbon dioxide were held to 450 ppm, global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degree Celsius above current readings by the end of the century. In contrast, the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course. Holding carbon dioxide levels to 450 ppm would have other impacts, according to the climate modelling study.
Sea small level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summer time would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three- quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.
Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
SHRINK
contract
physician
wither
shrivel
reduce
9 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A new analysis has determined that the threat of global warming can still be greatly $diminished$ if nations cut emissions of heattrapping greenhouse gases by 70% this century. The analysis was done by scientists at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). While global temperatures would rise, the most dangerous potential aspects of climate change, including massive losses of Arctic sea ice and permafrost and $significant$ sea-level rise, could be partially avoided.
'This research indicates that we can no longer avoid significant warming during this century,' said NCAR scientist Warren Washington, the study paper's lead author. 'But, if the world were to implement this level of emission cuts, we could stabilize the threat of climate change,' he added.
Average global temperatures have warmed by close to 1 degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era. Much of the warming is due to humanproduced emissions of greenhouse gases, predominantly carbon dioxide. This heat-trapping gas has increased from a pre-industrial level of about 284 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere to more than 380 ppm today. With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree celsius may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for $dramatic$ cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
To examine the impact of such cuts on the world's climate, Washington and his colleagues ran a series of global studies with the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model (CCSM). They assumed that carbon dioxide levels could be held to 450 ppm at the end of this century. In contrast, emissions are now on track to reach about 750 ppm by 2100 if unchecked. The team's results showed that if carbon dioxide were held to 450 ppm, global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degree Celsius above current readings by the end of the century. In contrast, the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course. Holding carbon dioxide levels to 450 ppm would have other impacts, according to the climate modelling study.
Sea small level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summer time would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three- quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.
Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in thepassage.
SIGNIFICANT
substantial
minuscule
incoherent
unimportant
irrelevant
10 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A new analysis has determined that the threat of global warming can still be greatly $diminished$ if nations cut emissions of heattrapping greenhouse gases by 70% this century. The analysis was done by scientists at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). While global temperatures would rise, the most dangerous potential aspects of climate change, including massive losses of Arctic sea ice and permafrost and $significant$ sea-level rise, could be partially avoided.
'This research indicates that we can no longer avoid significant warming during this century,' said NCAR scientist Warren Washington, the study paper's lead author. 'But, if the world were to implement this level of emission cuts, we could stabilize the threat of climate change,' he added.
Average global temperatures have warmed by close to 1 degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era. Much of the warming is due to humanproduced emissions of greenhouse gases, predominantly carbon dioxide. This heat-trapping gas has increased from a pre-industrial level of about 284 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere to more than 380 ppm today. With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree celsius may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for $dramatic$ cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
To examine the impact of such cuts on the world's climate, Washington and his colleagues ran a series of global studies with the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model (CCSM). They assumed that carbon dioxide levels could be held to 450 ppm at the end of this century. In contrast, emissions are now on track to reach about 750 ppm by 2100 if unchecked. The team's results showed that if carbon dioxide were held to 450 ppm, global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degree Celsius above current readings by the end of the century. In contrast, the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course. Holding carbon dioxide levels to 450 ppm would have other impacts, according to the climate modelling study.
Sea small level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summer time would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three- quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.
Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in thepassage.
DIMINSHED
created
rose
increased
lessen
finished