1 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below it. Certain words/ expressions are printed in bold in the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Child psychology is certainly not a strong point with most Indian schools. Why else would it inflict a double trauma on a student faring badly in the pre-boards by banning her from taking the exams often with fatal results as evidenced by reports of students suicides in the run-up to the board. Now the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has stepped in and put the brakes on. This is good news for parents and students, many of whom have had to live with the threat of the performance -linked department. While schools' logic is that in order to attract talented students, they need to maintain their performance records at high levels, the assumption that a student faring poorly in the pre-boards will $replicate$ this at the board is faulty. Chances are that the student will be $spurred$ to work doubly hard. On the other hand, the threat of the department will almost certainly impact her performance adversely. Of course, linking pre-boards to the boards is only one of the problems with our system.
What is the faulty assumption of schools according to the passage?
A.  Students who do not do well at pre-boards will be motivated to work hard
B.  Pre-boards are generally easy and therefore students take them lightly.
C.  Students who fare poorly at the pre-board will fail at the boards.
D.  Learning by rote is a better method of learning
E.  Students perform better in languages than in science subjects.
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2 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below it. Certain words/ expressions are printed in bold in the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Child psychology is certainly not a strong point with most Indian schools. Why else would it inflict a double trauma on a student faring badly in the pre-boards by banning her from taking the exams often with fatal results as evidenced by reports of students suicides in the run-up to the board. Now the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has stepped in and put the brakes on. This is good news for parents and students, many of whom have had to live with the threat of the performance -linked department. While schools' logic is that in order to attract talented students, they need to maintain their performance records at high levels, the assumption that a student faring poorly in the pre-boards will $replicate$ this at the board is faulty. Chances are that the student will be $spurred$ to work doubly hard. On the other hand, the threat of the department will almost certainly impact her performance adversely. Of course, linking pre-boards to the boards is only one of the problems with our system.
Which of the following according to the passage, is the problem with our school system?
A.  Providing study facilities to the students.
B.  Linking pre-board performance of the students to the boards
C.  Teachers' lack of knowledge of child psychology
D.  Attracting talented students.
E.  Low percentage of students passing the board exam
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3 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below it. Certain words/ expressions are printed in bold in the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Child psychology is certainly not a strong point with most Indian schools. Why else would it inflict a double trauma on a student faring badly in the pre-boards by banning her from taking the exams often with fatal results as evidenced by reports of students suicides in the run-up to the board. Now the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has stepped in and put the brakes on. This is good news for parents and students, many of whom have had to live with the threat of the performance -linked department. While schools' logic is that in order to attract talented students, they need to maintain their performance records at high levels, the assumption that a student faring poorly in the pre-boards will $replicate$ this at the board is faulty. Chances are that the student will be $spurred$ to work doubly hard. On the other hand, the threat of the department will almost certainly impact her performance adversely. Of course, linking pre-boards to the boards is only one of the problems with our system.
According to the passage parents had to live with the threat of
A.  falling grades of their wards.
B.  not getting their wards admitted in quality schools
C.  Schools not treating their wards with the attitude of counsellor.
D.  Linking performance of their wards in pre-boards to boards.
E.  Schools creating traumatic situation for their wards
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4 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below it. Certain words/ expressions are printed in bold in the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Child psychology is certainly not a strong point with most Indian schools. Why else would it inflict a double trauma on a student faring badly in the pre-boards by banning her from taking the exams often with fatal results as evidenced by reports of students suicides in the run-up to the board. Now the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has stepped in and put the brakes on. This is good news for parents and students, many of whom have had to live with the threat of the performance -linked department. While schools' logic is that in order to attract talented students, they need to maintain their performance records at high levels, the assumption that a student faring poorly in the pre-boards will $replicate$ this at the board is faulty. Chances are that the student will be $spurred$ to work doubly hard. On the other hand, the threat of the department will almost certainly impact her performance adversely. Of course, linking pre-boards to the boards is only one of the problems with our system.
Schools wanted to enforce performance - linked department in order to
A.  get regular grant-in-aid from the education department
B.  improve their public image as a social institution
C.  attract better quality students
D.  make students aware that they would aspire for their all - round development.
E.  provide better study material to the students.
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5 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below it. Certain words/ expressions are printed in bold in the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Child psychology is certainly not a strong point with most Indian schools. Why else would it inflict a double trauma on a student faring badly in the pre-boards by banning her from taking the exams often with fatal results as evidenced by reports of students suicides in the run-up to the board. Now the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has stepped in and put the brakes on. This is good news for parents and students, many of whom have had to live with the threat of the performance -linked department. While schools' logic is that in order to attract talented students, they need to maintain their performance records at high levels, the assumption that a student faring poorly in the pre-boards will $replicate$ this at the board is faulty. Chances are that the student will be $spurred$ to work doubly hard. On the other hand, the threat of the department will almost certainly impact her performance adversely. Of course, linking pre-boards to the boards is only one of the problems with our system.
Choose the word which is similar in meaning to the word 'replicate' as used in the passage
A.  enhance
B.  repeat
C.  perform
D.  achieve
E.  plunder
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6 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below it. Certain words/ expressions are printed in bold in the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Child psychology is certainly not a strong point with most Indian schools. Why else would it inflict a double trauma on a student faring badly in the pre-boards by banning her from taking the exams often with fatal results as evidenced by reports of students suicides in the run-up to the board. Now the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has stepped in and put the brakes on. This is good news for parents and students, many of whom have had to live with the threat of the performance -linked department. While schools' logic is that in order to attract talented students, they need to maintain their performance records at high levels, the assumption that a student faring poorly in the pre-boards will $replicate$ this at the board is faulty. Chances are that the student will be $spurred$ to work doubly hard. On the other hand, the threat of the department will almost certainly impact her performance adversely. Of course, linking pre-boards to the boards is only one of the problems with our system.
Choose the word which is similar in meaning to the word 'assumption' as used in the passage
A.  estimation
B.  interpretation
C.  intimidation
D.  introduction
E.  induction
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7 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below it. Certain words/ expressions are printed in bold in the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Child psychology is certainly not a strong point with most Indian schools. Why else would it inflict a double trauma on a student faring badly in the pre-boards by banning her from taking the exams often with fatal results as evidenced by reports of students suicides in the run-up to the board. Now the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has stepped in and put the brakes on. This is good news for parents and students, many of whom have had to live with the threat of the performance -linked department. While schools' logic is that in order to attract talented students, they need to maintain their performance records at high levels, the assumption that a student faring poorly in the pre-boards will $replicate$ this at the board is faulty. Chances are that the student will be $spurred$ to work doubly hard. On the other hand, the threat of the department will almost certainly impact her performance adversely. Of course, linking pre-boards to the boards is only one of the problems with our system.
Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word 'spur
A.  depress
B.  enlarge
C.  explicate
D.  sustain
E.  activate
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8 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below it. Certain words/ expressions are printed in bold in the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Child psychology is certainly not a strong point with most Indian schools. Why else would it inflict a double trauma on a student faring badly in the pre-boards by banning her from taking the exams often with fatal results as evidenced by reports of students suicides in the run-up to the board. Now the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has stepped in and put the brakes on. This is good news for parents and students, many of whom have had to live with the threat of the performance -linked department. While schools' logic is that in order to attract talented students, they need to maintain their performance records at high levels, the assumption that a student faring poorly in the pre-boards will $replicate$ this at the board is faulty. Chances are that the student will be $spurred$ to work doubly hard. On the other hand, the threat of the department will almost certainly impact her performance adversely. Of course, linking pre-boards to the boards is only one of the problems with our system.
Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word 'fatal'
A.  precious
B.  safe
C.  ponderous
D.  perilous
E.  harmonious
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9 . In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately.

Find out the appropriate word in each case. Communicating in $(1)$ is fascinating, some even say $(2)$.There are none of the physical $(3)$that, for good or bad, provide us with $(4)$ judgement and about the people we meet there. No clothes, no hair, no age, no body $(5)$.No smile to $(6)$a potentially sarcastic $(7)$ is just a bit of $(8)$. No conspiratorial whisper. Just computer type - face. That's why the $(9)$ has given rise to a whole new set of $(10)$called emotions.
$(1)$
A.  computer
B.  telephone
C.  cyberspace
D.  space
E.  spot
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10 . In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately.

Find out the appropriate word in each case. Communicating in $(1)$ is fascinating, some even say $(2)$.There are none of the physical $(3)$that, for good or bad, provide us with $(4)$ judgement and about the people we meet there. No clothes, no hair, no age, no body $(5)$.No smile to $(6)$a potentially sarcastic $(7)$ is just a bit of $(8)$. No conspiratorial whisper. Just computer type - face. That's why the $(9)$ has given rise to a whole new set of $(10)$called emotions.
$(2)$
A.  enchanting
B.  magical
C.  attracting
D.  pleasing
E.  agonising
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