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1 . In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

In the US, the $(1)$ of the President and the Congress is fixed. Over the last many decades, there has not been even a day's change in the $(2)$ dates of elections. Even if the President dies, the Vice-President takes over for the $(3)$ period. Can it be said that democracy is $(4)$ in the US because of the fixed tenure of the chief executive and the legislature? On the contrary, it $(5)$ a remarkable stability to governance. In our country, governments $(6)$ from day-to-day. Ad hocism $(7)$ the roost. If governments are so $(8)$ about their survival, how can they take long-term policy decisions? Indecision has become the $(9)$ of our democratic system. Even the ablest leaders fight $(10)$ of taking decisions, lest any controversy weakens the government.
$(3)$
Convenient
Concurrent
Residuary
Elongated
Next
2 . In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

In the US, the $(1)$ of the President and the Congress is fixed. Over the last many decades, there has not been even a day's change in the $(2)$ dates of elections. Even if the President dies, the Vice-President takes over for the $(3)$ period. Can it be said that democracy is $(4)$ in the US because of the fixed tenure of the chief executive and the legislature? On the contrary, it $(5)$ a remarkable stability to governance. In our country, governments $(6)$ from day-to-day. Ad hocism $(7)$ the roost. If governments are so $(8)$ about their survival, how can they take long-term policy decisions? Indecision has become the $(9)$ of our democratic system. Even the ablest leaders fight $(10)$ of taking decisions, lest any controversy weakens the government.
$(4)$
Established
Funtional
Mandated
Diluted
Forbidden
3 . In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

In the US, the $(1)$ of the President and the Congress is fixed. Over the last many decades, there has not been even a day's change in the $(2)$ dates of elections. Even if the President dies, the Vice-President takes over for the $(3)$ period. Can it be said that democracy is $(4)$ in the US because of the fixed tenure of the chief executive and the legislature? On the contrary, it $(5)$ a remarkable stability to governance. In our country, governments $(6)$ from day-to-day. Ad hocism $(7)$ the roost. If governments are so $(8)$ about their survival, how can they take long-term policy decisions? Indecision has become the $(9)$ of our democratic system. Even the ablest leaders fight $(10)$ of taking decisions, lest any controversy weakens the government.
$(5)$
Imparts
Projects
Contributes
Develops
Fixes
4 . In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

In the US, the $(1)$ of the President and the Congress is fixed. Over the last many decades, there has not been even a day's change in the $(2)$ dates of elections. Even if the President dies, the Vice-President takes over for the $(3)$ period. Can it be said that democracy is $(4)$ in the US because of the fixed tenure of the chief executive and the legislature? On the contrary, it $(5)$ a remarkable stability to governance. In our country, governments $(6)$ from day-to-day. Ad hocism $(7)$ the roost. If governments are so $(8)$ about their survival, how can they take long-term policy decisions? Indecision has become the $(9)$ of our democratic system. Even the ablest leaders fight $(10)$ of taking decisions, lest any controversy weakens the government.
$(6)$
Demarcate
Exhibit
Function
Order
Establish
5 . In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

In the US, the $(1)$ of the President and the Congress is fixed. Over the last many decades, there has not been even a day's change in the $(2)$ dates of elections. Even if the President dies, the Vice-President takes over for the $(3)$ period. Can it be said that democracy is $(4)$ in the US because of the fixed tenure of the chief executive and the legislature? On the contrary, it $(5)$ a remarkable stability to governance. In our country, governments $(6)$ from day-to-day. Ad hocism $(7)$ the roost. If governments are so $(8)$ about their survival, how can they take long-term policy decisions? Indecision has become the $(9)$ of our democratic system. Even the ablest leaders fight $(10)$ of taking decisions, lest any controversy weakens the government.
$(7)$
Sustains
manifests
propels
rules
6 . In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

In the US, the $(1)$ of the President and the Congress is fixed. Over the last many decades, there has not been even a day's change in the $(2)$ dates of elections. Even if the President dies, the Vice-President takes over for the $(3)$ period. Can it be said that democracy is $(4)$ in the US because of the fixed tenure of the chief executive and the legislature? On the contrary, it $(5)$ a remarkable stability to governance. In our country, governments $(6)$ from day-to-day. Ad hocism $(7)$ the roost. If governments are so $(8)$ about their survival, how can they take long-term policy decisions? Indecision has become the $(9)$ of our democratic system. Even the ablest leaders fight $(10)$ of taking decisions, lest any controversy weakens the government.
$(8)$
powerful
obsessed
announced
proclaimed
brutal
7 . In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

In the US, the $(1)$ of the President and the Congress is fixed. Over the last many decades, there has not been even a day's change in the $(2)$ dates of elections. Even if the President dies, the Vice-President takes over for the $(3)$ period. Can it be said that democracy is $(4)$ in the US because of the fixed tenure of the chief executive and the legislature? On the contrary, it $(5)$ a remarkable stability to governance. In our country, governments $(6)$ from day-to-day. Ad hocism $(7)$ the roost. If governments are so $(8)$ about their survival, how can they take long-term policy decisions? Indecision has become the $(9)$ of our democratic system. Even the ablest leaders fight $(10)$ of taking decisions, lest any controversy weakens the government.
$(9)$
necessity
proof
charge
hallmark
prerogative
8 . In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

In the US, the $(1)$ of the President and the Congress is fixed. Over the last many decades, there has not been even a day's change in the $(2)$ dates of elections. Even if the President dies, the Vice-President takes over for the $(3)$ period. Can it be said that democracy is $(4)$ in the US because of the fixed tenure of the chief executive and the legislature? On the contrary, it $(5)$ a remarkable stability to governance. In our country, governments $(6)$ from day-to-day. Ad hocism $(7)$ the roost. If governments are so $(8)$ about their survival, how can they take long-term policy decisions? Indecision has become the $(9)$ of our democratic system. Even the ablest leaders fight $(10)$ of taking decisions, lest any controversy weakens the government.
$(10)$
shy
tall
long
fiercely
vigorously
9 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below it. Certain words/ expressions are printed in bold in the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Child psychology is certainly not a strong point with most Indian schools. Why else would it inflict a double trauma on a student faring badly in the pre-boards by banning her from taking the exams often with fatal results as evidenced by reports of students suicides in the run-up to the board. Now the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has stepped in and put the brakes on. This is good news for parents and students, many of whom have had to live with the threat of the performance -linked department. While schools' logic is that in order to attract talented students, they need to maintain their performance records at high levels, the assumption that a student faring poorly in the pre-boards will $replicate$ this at the board is faulty. Chances are that the student will be $spurred$ to work doubly hard. On the other hand, the threat of the department will almost certainly impact her performance adversely. Of course, linking pre-boards to the boards is only one of the problems with our system.
Which is good news for parents according to the passage?
Schools will take the responsibility of preparing students for the board.
Schools will provide study facilities to the poor students.
Schools will enforce discipline to ensure higher attendance of the students
No student can be barred from the boards without prior clearance from the CBSE.
Teachers will be able to handle students well if they know child psychology
10 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below it. Certain words/ expressions are printed in bold in the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Child psychology is certainly not a strong point with most Indian schools. Why else would it inflict a double trauma on a student faring badly in the pre-boards by banning her from taking the exams often with fatal results as evidenced by reports of students suicides in the run-up to the board. Now the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has stepped in and put the brakes on. This is good news for parents and students, many of whom have had to live with the threat of the performance -linked department. While schools' logic is that in order to attract talented students, they need to maintain their performance records at high levels, the assumption that a student faring poorly in the pre-boards will $replicate$ this at the board is faulty. Chances are that the student will be $spurred$ to work doubly hard. On the other hand, the threat of the department will almost certainly impact her performance adversely. Of course, linking pre-boards to the boards is only one of the problems with our system.
What is the ruling of the CBSE?
Students must pass the pre-board exam before appearing for the board exam
Schools should maintain performance record of students of high level
Schools must motivate students to work hard
Before barring any student, the board schools must take prior permission of the CBSE.