1 . In each question below a sentence with four words printed in bold type is given.These are numbered as (1), (2), (3) and (4). One of these four words printed in bold may be either misspelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence and spelt or inappropriate if any. The number of that word is your answer. If all the words printed in $bold$ are correctly spelt and also appropriate in the context of the sentence, mark (5), i.e., 'All correct' asyouranswer.
$Their$ (1)/has been a series of $abductions$ (2)/of young $children$ (3)/of the schools in the $area$. (4)/ All correct (5)
A.  1
B.  2
C.  3
D.  4
E.  5
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2 . In each question below a sentence with four words printed in bold type is given.These are numbered as (1), (2), (3) and (4). One of these four words printed in bold may be either misspelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence and spelt or inappropriate if any. The number of that word is your answer. If all the words printed in $bold$ are correctly spelt and also appropriate in the context of the sentence, mark (5), i.e., 'All correct' asyouranswer.
The $council$ (1)/denied having any $hand$ (2)/in the $recently$ (3)/unearthed $scandle$. (4)/ All correct (5)
A.  1
B.  2
C.  3
D.  4
E.  5
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3 . In each question below a sentence with four words printed in bold type is given.These are numbered as (1), (2), (3) and (4). One of these four words printed in bold may be either misspelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence and spelt or inappropriate if any. The number of that word is your answer. If all the words printed in $bold$ are correctly spelt and also appropriate in the context of the sentence, mark (5), i.e., 'All correct' asyouranswer.
He was $unable$ (1)/to give a $satisfactory$ (2)/ explanation for his $absense$ (3)/from the $meeting$. (4)/ All correct (5)
A.  1
B.  2
C.  3
D.  4
E.  5
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4 . In each question below a sentence with four words printed in bold type is given.These are numbered as (1), (2), (3) and (4). One of these four words printed in bold may be either misspelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence and spelt or inappropriate if any. The number of that word is your answer. If all the words printed in $bold$ are correctly spelt and also appropriate in the context of the sentence, mark (5), i.e., 'All correct' asyouranswer.
As the ship was $sinking$ (1)/fast, the $captain$ (2)/ gave orders to $abandon$ (3)/it $immediately$.(4)/Allcorrect(5)
A.  1
B.  2
C.  3
D.  4
E.  5
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5 . In each question below a sentence with four words printed in bold type is given.These are numbered as (1), (2), (3) and (4). One of these four words printed in bold may be either misspelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence and spelt or inappropriate if any. The number of that word is your answer. If all the words printed in $bold$ are correctly spelt and also appropriate in the context of the sentence, mark (5), i.e., 'All correct' asyouranswer.
$Much$ (1)/countries are starting to $turn$ (2)/their $attention$ (3)/to new $sources$ (4)/of energy. All correct (5)
A.  1
B.  2
C.  3
D.  4
E.  5
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6 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Rural India faces serious shortages-power, water, health facilities, roads, etc, these are known and recognized. However, the role of technology in solving these and other problems is barely acknowledged and the actual availability of technology in rural areas is marginal. The backbone of the rural economy is agriculture, which also provides sustenance to over half the country's population. The 'green revolution' of the 1970s was, in fact, powered by the scientific work in various agricultural research institutions. While some fault the green revolution for excessive exploitation of water and land resources through overuse of fertilizers, it did bring about a wheat surplus and prosperity in certain pockets of the country.
In rural India today, there is a dire inadequacy of both science (i.e., knowledge) and technology (which derives from science and manifests itself in physical form). The scope to apply technology to both farm and non-farm activities in rural areas is huge, as are the potential benefits. In fact, crop yields are far lower than what they are in demonstration farms, where science and technology are more fully applied. Technologies that reduce power consumption of pumps are vital, unfortunately, their use is minimal, since agricultural power is free or largely subsidized. Similarly, there is little incentive to optimise through technology or otherwise-water use, especially in irrigated areas (a third of total arable land), given the water rates, Post-harvest technologies for processing and adding value could greatly enhance rural employment and incomes but at present deployment of technology is marginal. Cold storage and cold chains for transportation to market is of great importance for many agricultural products-particularly, fruits and vegetables, but are non-existent. These are clearly technologies with an immediate return on investment, and benefits for all, the farmer, the end-consumer, the technology provider.
However, regulatory and structural barriers are holding back investments. Power is a key requirement in rural areas, for agricultural as well as domestic uses. Technology can provide reliable power at comparatively low cost in a decentralized manner. However, this needs to be upgraded and scaled in a big way, with emphasis on renewable and non-polluting technologies. Reliable and low cost means of transporting goods and people is an essential need for rural areas. The bullock-cart and the tractor-trailer are present vehicles of choice. Surely, technology can provide a better, cheaper and more efficient solution? Information related to commodity prices, agricultural practices, weather, etc, are crucial for the farmer. Technology can provide these through mobile phones, which is a proven technology however, the challenge to ensure connectivity remains. Thus, there is a pressing need for technology as currently economic growth-though skewed and iniquitous-has created an economically attractive market in rural India.
According to the author, which of the following is/are the problem/s facing India's rural population?
(A) Unavailability of healthcare facilities.
(B) The technological advancements which have been borrowed from abroad have not been suitably adapted to the Indian scenario.
(C) Lack of awareness about the importance of utilising technology in the agricultural sector.
A.  Only A
B.  Only C
C.  A and B
D.  A and C
E.  None of these
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7 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Rural India faces serious shortages-power, water, health facilities, roads, etc, these are known and recognized. However, the role of technology in solving these and other problems is barely acknowledged and the actual availability of technology in rural areas is marginal. The backbone of the rural economy is agriculture, which also provides sustenance to over half the country's population. The 'green revolution' of the 1970s was, in fact, powered by the scientific work in various agricultural research institutions. While some fault the green revolution for excessive exploitation of water and land resources through overuse of fertilizers, it did bring about a wheat surplus and prosperity in certain pockets of the country.
In rural India today, there is a dire inadequacy of both science (i.e., knowledge) and technology (which derives from science and manifests itself in physical form). The scope to apply technology to both farm and non-farm activities in rural areas is huge, as are the potential benefits. In fact, crop yields are far lower than what they are in demonstration farms, where science and technology are more fully applied. Technologies that reduce power consumption of pumps are vital, unfortunately, their use is minimal, since agricultural power is free or largely subsidized. Similarly, there is little incentive to optimise through technology or otherwise-water use, especially in irrigated areas (a third of total arable land), given the water rates, Post-harvest technologies for processing and adding value could greatly enhance rural employment and incomes but at present deployment of technology is marginal. Cold storage and cold chains for transportation to market is of great importance for many agricultural products-particularly, fruits and vegetables, but are non-existent. These are clearly technologies with an immediate return on investment, and benefits for all, the farmer, the end-consumer, the technology provider.
However, regulatory and structural barriers are holding back investments. Power is a key requirement in rural areas, for agricultural as well as domestic uses. Technology can provide reliable power at comparatively low cost in a decentralized manner. However, this needs to be upgraded and scaled in a big way, with emphasis on renewable and non-polluting technologies. Reliable and low cost means of transporting goods and people is an essential need for rural areas. The bullock-cart and the tractor-trailer are present vehicles of choice. Surely, technology can provide a better, cheaper and more efficient solution? Information related to commodity prices, agricultural practices, weather, etc, are crucial for the farmer. Technology can provide these through mobile phones, which is a proven technology however, the challenge to ensure connectivity remains. Thus, there is a pressing need for technology as currently economic growth-though skewed and iniquitous-has created an economically attractive market in rural India.
Which of the following is not an impact of the green revolution?
A.  Over utilization of water resources
B.  Application of scientific research only in demonstration farms
C.  Wealth creation restricted to creation areas
D.  Damage caused to land by inordinate use of fertilizers
E.  Supply of wheat surpassed demand
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8 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Rural India faces serious shortages-power, water, health facilities, roads, etc, these are known and recognized. However, the role of technology in solving these and other problems is barely acknowledged and the actual availability of technology in rural areas is marginal. The backbone of the rural economy is agriculture, which also provides sustenance to over half the country's population. The 'green revolution' of the 1970s was, in fact, powered by the scientific work in various agricultural research institutions. While some fault the green revolution for excessive exploitation of water and land resources through overuse of fertilizers, it did bring about a wheat surplus and prosperity in certain pockets of the country.
In rural India today, there is a dire inadequacy of both science (i.e., knowledge) and technology (which derives from science and manifests itself in physical form). The scope to apply technology to both farm and non-farm activities in rural areas is huge, as are the potential benefits. In fact, crop yields are far lower than what they are in demonstration farms, where science and technology are more fully applied. Technologies that reduce power consumption of pumps are vital, unfortunately, their use is minimal, since agricultural power is free or largely subsidized. Similarly, there is little incentive to optimise through technology or otherwise-water use, especially in irrigated areas (a third of total arable land), given the water rates, Post-harvest technologies for processing and adding value could greatly enhance rural employment and incomes but at present deployment of technology is marginal. Cold storage and cold chains for transportation to market is of great importance for many agricultural products-particularly, fruits and vegetables, but are non-existent. These are clearly technologies with an immediate return on investment, and benefits for all, the farmer, the end-consumer, the technology provider.
However, regulatory and structural barriers are holding back investments. Power is a key requirement in rural areas, for agricultural as well as domestic uses. Technology can provide reliable power at comparatively low cost in a decentralized manner. However, this needs to be upgraded and scaled in a big way, with emphasis on renewable and non-polluting technologies. Reliable and low cost means of transporting goods and people is an essential need for rural areas. The bullock-cart and the tractor-trailer are present vehicles of choice. Surely, technology can provide a better, cheaper and more efficient solution? Information related to commodity prices, agricultural practices, weather, etc, are crucial for the farmer. Technology can provide these through mobile phones, which is a proven technology however, the challenge to ensure connectivity remains. Thus, there is a pressing need for technology as currently economic growth-though skewed and iniquitous-has created an economically attractive market in rural India.
Why is there no motivation to reduce power consumption?
A.  Freely available sources of energy
B.  Government will have to subsidise the cost of technology required to reduce power consumption
C.  Power distribution has been decentralized
D.  The cost of implementing power saving technology is exorbitant for the customer
E.  None of the above
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9 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Rural India faces serious shortages-power, water, health facilities, roads, etc, these are known and recognized. However, the role of technology in solving these and other problems is barely acknowledged and the actual availability of technology in rural areas is marginal. The backbone of the rural economy is agriculture, which also provides sustenance to over half the country's population. The 'green revolution' of the 1970s was, in fact, powered by the scientific work in various agricultural research institutions. While some fault the green revolution for excessive exploitation of water and land resources through overuse of fertilizers, it did bring about a wheat surplus and prosperity in certain pockets of the country.
In rural India today, there is a dire inadequacy of both science (i.e., knowledge) and technology (which derives from science and manifests itself in physical form). The scope to apply technology to both farm and non-farm activities in rural areas is huge, as are the potential benefits. In fact, crop yields are far lower than what they are in demonstration farms, where science and technology are more fully applied. Technologies that reduce power consumption of pumps are vital, unfortunately, their use is minimal, since agricultural power is free or largely subsidized. Similarly, there is little incentive to optimise through technology or otherwise-water use, especially in irrigated areas (a third of total arable land), given the water rates, Post-harvest technologies for processing and adding value could greatly enhance rural employment and incomes but at present deployment of technology is marginal. Cold storage and cold chains for transportation to market is of great importance for many agricultural products-particularly, fruits and vegetables, but are non-existent. These are clearly technologies with an immediate return on investment, and benefits for all, the farmer, the end-consumer, the technology provider.
However, regulatory and structural barriers are holding back investments. Power is a key requirement in rural areas, for agricultural as well as domestic uses. Technology can provide reliable power at comparatively low cost in a decentralized manner. However, this needs to be upgraded and scaled in a big way, with emphasis on renewable and non-polluting technologies. Reliable and low cost means of transporting goods and people is an essential need for rural areas. The bullock-cart and the tractor-trailer are present vehicles of choice. Surely, technology can provide a better, cheaper and more efficient solution? Information related to commodity prices, agricultural practices, weather, etc, are crucial for the farmer. Technology can provide these through mobile phones, which is a proven technology however, the challenge to ensure connectivity remains. Thus, there is a pressing need for technology as currently economic growth-though skewed and iniquitous-has created an economically attractive market in rural India.
What effect will the implementation of post harvest technologies such as cold storages have?
A.  Regulatory procedures will have to be more stringent
B.  Prices of commodities like fruits and vegetables will fall since there is no wastage from spoilage
C.  Incomes of rural population will fall
D.  Pollution of the environment
E.  None of the above
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10 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Rural India faces serious shortages-power, water, health facilities, roads, etc, these are known and recognized. However, the role of technology in solving these and other problems is barely acknowledged and the actual availability of technology in rural areas is marginal. The backbone of the rural economy is agriculture, which also provides sustenance to over half the country's population. The 'green revolution' of the 1970s was, in fact, powered by the scientific work in various agricultural research institutions. While some fault the green revolution for excessive exploitation of water and land resources through overuse of fertilizers, it did bring about a wheat surplus and prosperity in certain pockets of the country.
In rural India today, there is a dire inadequacy of both science (i.e., knowledge) and technology (which derives from science and manifests itself in physical form). The scope to apply technology to both farm and non-farm activities in rural areas is huge, as are the potential benefits. In fact, crop yields are far lower than what they are in demonstration farms, where science and technology are more fully applied. Technologies that reduce power consumption of pumps are vital, unfortunately, their use is minimal, since agricultural power is free or largely subsidized. Similarly, there is little incentive to optimise through technology or otherwise-water use, especially in irrigated areas (a third of total arable land), given the water rates, Post-harvest technologies for processing and adding value could greatly enhance rural employment and incomes but at present deployment of technology is marginal. Cold storage and cold chains for transportation to market is of great importance for many agricultural products-particularly, fruits and vegetables, but are non-existent. These are clearly technologies with an immediate return on investment, and benefits for all, the farmer, the end-consumer, the technology provider.
However, regulatory and structural barriers are holding back investments. Power is a key requirement in rural areas, for agricultural as well as domestic uses. Technology can provide reliable power at comparatively low cost in a decentralized manner. However, this needs to be upgraded and scaled in a big way, with emphasis on renewable and non-polluting technologies. Reliable and low cost means of transporting goods and people is an essential need for rural areas. The bullock-cart and the tractor-trailer are present vehicles of choice. Surely, technology can provide a better, cheaper and more efficient solution? Information related to commodity prices, agricultural practices, weather, etc, are crucial for the farmer. Technology can provide these through mobile phones, which is a proven technology however, the challenge to ensure connectivity remains. Thus, there is a pressing need for technology as currently economic growth-though skewed and iniquitous-has created an economically attractive market in rural India.
The author's main objective in writing the passage is to
A.  censure scientists for not undertaking research
B.  criticise farmers for not utilising experimentallow cost post harvesting technology
C.  exhort the government subsidise the cost of utilising technology
D.  promote a second green revolution
E.  advocate broadening the scope of research and use of technology in agriculture
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