1 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Give answer:
(a) If only argument I is strong
(b) If only argument II is strong
(c) If either I or II is strong
(d) If neither I nor II is strong and
(e) If both I and II are strong.
Statement: Should India encourage exports, when most things are insufficient for internal use itself?
Arguments:
I. Yes. We have to earn foreign exchange to pay for our imports.
II. No. Even selective encouragement would lead to shortages.
A.  a
B.  b
C.  c
D.  d
E.  e
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2 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Give answer:
(a) If only argument I is strong
(b) If only argument II is strong
(c) If either I or II is strong
(d) If neither I nor II is strong and
(e) If both I and II are strong.
Statement: Should all the drugs patented and manufactured in Western countries be first tried out on sample basis before giving licence for sale to general public in India?
Arguments:
I. Yes. Many such drugs require different doses and duration for Indian population and hence it is necessary.
II. No. This is just not feasible and hence cannot be implemented.
A.  a
B.  b
C.  c
D.  d
E.  e
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3 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Give answer:
(a) If only argument I is strong
(b) If only argument II is strong
(c) If either I or II is strong
(d) If neither I nor II is strong and
(e) If both I and II are strong.
Statement: Should India make efforts to harness solar energy to fulfil its energy requirements?
Arguments:
I. Yes, Most of the energy sources used at present is exhaustible.
II. No. Harnessing solar energy requires a lot of capital, which India lacks in.
A.  a
B.  b
C.  c
D.  d
E.  e
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4 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Give answer:
(a) If only argument I is strong
(b) If only argument II is strong
(c) If either I or II is strong
(d) If neither I nor II is strong and
(e) If both I and II are strong.
Statement: Should there be students union in college/ university?
Arguments:
I. No. This will create a political atmosphere in the campus.
II. Yes, it is very necessary Students are future political leaders.
A.  a
B.  b
C.  c
D.  d
E.  e
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5 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Give answer:
(a) If only argument I is strong
(b) If only argument II is strong
(c) If either I or II is strong
(d) If neither I nor II is strong and
(e) If both I and II are strong.
Statement: Should India give away Kashmir to Pakistan?
Arguments:
I. No. Kashmir is a beautiful state. It earns a lot of foreign exchange for India.
II. Yes. This would help settle conflicts.
A.  a
B.  b
C.  c
D.  d
E.  e
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6 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Give answer:
(a) If only argument I is strong
(b) If only argument II is strong
(c) If either I or II is strong
(d) If neither I nor II is strong and
(e) If both I and II are strong.
Statement: Should all the annual examinations up to Std. V be abolished?
Arguments:
I. Yes. The young students should not be burdened with such examinations which hampers their natural growth.
II. No. The students will not study seriously as they will get automatic promotion to the next class and this will affect them in future.
A.  a
B.  b
C.  c
D.  d
E.  e
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7 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Give answer:
(a) If only argument I is strong
(b) If only argument II is strong
(c) If either I or II is strong
(d) If neither I nor II is strong and
(e) If both I and II are strong.
Statement: Should Indian scientists working abroad be called back to India?
Arguments:
I. Yes. They must serve the motherland first and forget about discoveries, honours, facilities and all.
II. No. We have enough talent; let them stay where they want.
A.  a
B.  b
C.  c
D.  d
E.  e
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8 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Give answer:
(a) If only argument I is strong
(b) If only argument II is strong
(c) If either I or II is strong
(d) If neither I nor II is strong and
(e) If both I and II are strong.
Statement: Should there be an upper age limit of 65 years for contesting Parliamentary/ Legislative Assembly elections?
Arguments:
I. Yes. Generally, people above the age of 65 lose their dynamism and will power.
II. No. The life span is so increased that people remain physically and mentally active even up to the age of 80.
A.  a
B.  b
C.  c
D.  d
E.  e
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9 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Give answer:
(a) If only argument I is strong
(b) If only argument II is strong
(c) If either I or II is strong
(d) If neither I nor II is strong and
(e) If both I and II are strong.
Statement: Should articles of only deserving authors be allowed to be published?
Arguments:
I. Yes. It will save a lot of paper which is in short supply.
II. No. It is not possible to draw a line between the deserving and the undeserving.
A.  a
B.  b
C.  c
D.  d
E.  e
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10 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Give answer:
(a) If only argument I is strong
(b) If only argument II is strong
(c) If either I or II is strong
(d) If neither I nor II is strong and
(e) If both I and II are strong.
Statement: Should colleges be given the status of a university in India?
Arguments:
I. Yes. Colleges are in a better position to assess the student's performance and therefore the degrees will be more valid.
II. No. It is Utopian to think that there will not be nepotism and corruption in awarding degrees by colleges.
A.  a
B.  b
C.  c
D.  d
E.  e
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11 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
Statement: Should the public sector undertakings be kilo wed to adopt hire and fire policy?
Arguments:
I. Yes. This will help the public sector undertakings to get rid of non-performing employees and reward the performing employees.
II. No. This will give an unjust handle to the management and they may use it indiscriminately.
III. Yes. This will help increase the level of efficiency of these organizations and these will become profitable establishments.
A.  None is strong
B.  Only I and II are strong
C.  Only II and III are strong
D.  Only I and III are strong
E.  All are strong
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12 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
Statement: Is caste-based reservation policy in professional colleges justified?
Arguments:
I. Yes. The step is a must to bring the underprivileged at par with the privileged ones.
II. No. It obstructs the establishment of a classless society.
III. Yes. This will help the backward castes and classes of people to come out of the oppression of upper caste people.
A.  Only I and II are strong
B.  Only II is strong
C.  Only II and III are strong
D.  Only I and III are strong
E.  All are strong
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13 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
Statement: Should there be a complete ban on genetically modified imported seeds?
Arguments:
I. Yes. This will boost the demand of domestically developed seeds.
II. No. This is the only way to increase production substantially.
III. Yes. Genetically modified products will adversely affect the health of those who consume these products.
A.  Only I and II are strong
B.  Only II is strong
C.  Only II and III are strong
D.  Only I and III are strong
E.  All are strong
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14 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
Statement: Should the income generated out of agricultural activities be taxed?
Arguments:
I. No. Farmers are otherwise suffering from natural calamities and low yield coupled with low procurement price and their income should not be taxed.
II. Yes. Majority of the population is dependent on agriculture and hence their income should be taxed to augment the resources.
III. Yes. Many big farmers earn much more than the majority of the service earners and they should be taxed to remove the disparity.
A.  Only I is strong
B.  Only I and II are strong
C.  Only II and III are strong
D.  All are strong
E.  None of these
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15 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
Statement: Should the system of Lok Adalats and mobile courts be encouraged in India?
Arguments:
I. Yes. It helps to grant speedy justice to the masses.
II. Yes. The dispensing of minor cases at this level would reduce the burden on the higher courts.
III. No, These courts are usally partial in justice
A.  Only I and II are strong
B.  Only II and III are strong
C.  Only I and III are strong
D.  All are strong
E.  Only I is strong
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16 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
Statement: Should people with educational qualification higher than the optimum requirements be debarred from seeking jobs?
Arguments:
I. No. It will further aggravate the problem of educated unemployment.
II. Yes. It creates complexes among employees and affects the work adversely.
III. No. This goes against the basic rights of the individuals.
IV. Yes. This will increase productivity.
A.  Only I and III are strong
B.  All are strong
C.  Only II and IV are strong
D.  Only III is strong
E.  None of these
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17 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
Statement: Should India go in for computerization in all possible sectors?
Arguments:
I. Yes. It will bring efficiency and accuracy in the work.
II. No. It will be an injustice to the monumental human resources which are at present underutilized.
III. No. Computerization demands a lot of money. We should not waste money on it.
IV. Yes. When advanced countries are introducing computers in every field, how can India afford to lag behind?
A.  Only I is strong
B.  Only I and II are strong
C.  Only I and III are strong
D.  Only II and III are strong
E.  All are strong
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18 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
Statement: Should all the school teachers be debarred from giving private tuitions?
Arguments:
I. No. The needy students will be deprived of the expertise of these teachers.
II. Yes. This is an injustice to the unemployed educated people who can earn their living by giving tuitions.
III. Yes. Only then the quality of teaching in schools will improve.
IV. Yes. Now salary of these teachers is reasonable.
A.  Only I and III are strong
B.  Only I, II and III are strong
C.  Only III and IV are strong
D.  Only II, III and IV are strong
E.  None of these
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19 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
Statement: Should education be made compulsory for all children up to the age of 14?
Arguments:
I. Yes. This will help to eradicate the system of forced employment of these children.
II. Yes. This is an effective way to make the entire population educated.
III. No. We do not have adequate infrastructure to educate the entire population.
IV. Yes. This would increase the standard of living.
A.  All are strong
B.  Only I, II and III are strong
C.  Only I, II and IV are strong
D.  Only II is strong
E.  Only II and III are strong
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20 . Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
Statement: Should trade unions be banned completely?
Arguments:
I. Yes. Workers can concentrate on production.
II. No. This is the only way through which employees can put their demands before the management.
III. Yes. Employees get their illegal demands fulfilled through these unions.
IV. No. Trade unions are not banned in other economically advanced countries.
A.  Only I is strong
B.  Only II is strong
C.  Only I and II are strong
D.  Only I, II and III are strong
E.  None of these
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21 .
Except from a research report - 'Average life expectancy in southern part of India is far more than that in Western India. While the average life of a native of South India is 82 years, the average life of a native of Western India is only 74 years.' Based on the above fact, the proposal that the above study makes is that if an individual moves from Western India to South India, his/her life expectancy would immediately increase by eight years.
Which of the following statements would weaken the abovementioned study's proposal that people belonging to Western parts of India should move to South India to increase their life expectancy?
A.  The average life expectancy of population living in Eastern part of the country is also less than the population living in South India.
B.  Nearly 80% of the population in Southern India has a minimum age of 83 years.
C.  Higher life expectancy in Southern India can be ascribed to the genetic makeup of the population belonging to that area.
D.  The average life expectancy of South India is comparable to the best averages in the world.
E.  Higher life expectancy in Southern India can be attributed to better environmental conditions and better healthcare facilities.
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22 .
The chairman of a car company announced in a meeting that all trials of its first product, a new model of car 'X', are over and the company is planning to launch its car in the market after six months.
Which of the following would strengthen the chairman's decision?
I. Material management and other resources will have to be in fine tune to maintain production schedule.
II. Company should also make plans for products other than car.
III. The network of dealers must be finalised and all legal, financial and other matters in this regard should be finalised at the earliest.
A.  Only I
B.  Only II
C.  Only I and III
D.  All are three
E.  None of these
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23 .
The prospects for the Indian economy this year will be influenced by the behaviour of the monsoon and expansion of commerce and trade. The Eleventh Plan has envisaged a growth target of 8%. If the agriculture sector does well and the world trade conditions improve then it is possible to achieve a growth of 6-7%. We need to improve our economy and aim at a higher rate of growth in order to feed our population, maintain the standard of living and improve the quality of life. It is now more than 10 years since we have adopted reforms. We need to go forward in liberalisation but we cannot throw open the market for everything. There are sectors like village industries which need protection.
Which of the following weakens the following statement: The current trend of liberalisation is good enough to sustain about 6% growth." "
A.  Micro and small industries are helpful in achieving sustained growth, so they need protection.
B.  Govt should not hesitate in opening market operations
C.  India should make bilateral trade agreements with other countries.
D.  India should open its market for all.
E.  None of these
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24 .
Mass public education in the past half-century has clearly failed at the most basic level. In fact, it has been detrimental to the public welfare. Recent studies show that only about half of the country's graduating high school seniors can compose a simple business letter.
Which one of the following, if true, gives the strongest support to the author's argument?
A.  A larger percentage of high school seniors than ever before are able to write a business letter correctly.
B.  At least 15 percent of today's high school seniors speak English as a second language
C.  Fewer than half of the high school seniors graduating today can do the math necessary to complete an income tax return.
D.  More accurate data show that only 46 percent of the nation's high school seniors can compose a simple business letter.
E.  A survey taken five decades ago showed that four out of five graduating seniors could write an acceptable business letter.
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25 .
Considering the current economy, the introduction of a new brand of cereal is unlikely to expand total sales of cereal, but rather will just cause some existing buyers of cereal to switch brands. So it makes no sense for the Coolidge Corporation to introduce another brand of cereal, since it will only hurt sales of the brands of cereal it already produces.
Which one of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument above?
A.  Total sales of cereal will increase as the total population increases
B.  Many new brands of cereal sell extremely well for the first year of their existence.
C.  Coolidge Corporation currently produces fewer brands of cereal than do its competitors.
D.  Some cereal buyers regularly switch from brand to brand, even when no new brands have been introduced.
E.  Research indicates that the new brand will attract more buyers of competitors' cereals than buyers of other Coolidge brands.
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26 .
In friendship one sees one's friends as another self." One cares about him or her in the same way that one cares about oneself. Since each of us desires to know that we exist and are in good circumstances
A.  each of us also wishes to know that our friends are likewise alive and well. Thus
B.  true friendship requires that one live with or near one's friends.
Which one of the following
C.  if true
D.  would most weaken the argument above? "
E.  Most people care for themselves much more than they care for their friends
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27 .
If too much pressure is exerted on the bottom shelf of a bookcase, the entire bookcase will collapse. Sherry's bookcase has collapsed. Therefore, too much pressure must have been exerted on its bottom shelf.
Which one of the following criticisms best describes a weakness in the argument above?
A.  It supports its conclusion with irrelevant evidence
B.  It contains a shift in the meaning of the word collapse" from "partial collapse" to "full collapse". "
C.  It concludes that an outcome has been caused by a particular factor that may be only one possible cause of the outcome in question.
D.  It overlooks the possibility that some bookshelves have only one shelf.
E.  It draws an overly broad conclusion from contradictory evidence.
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28 .
Ethologists, people who study animal behaviour, have traditionally divided an organism's actions into two categories: learned behaviour (based on experience) and instinctive behaviour (based on genotype). Some current scholars reject this distinction, claiming that all behaviour is a predictable interaction of experience and genotype.
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the arguments made in the sentence above?
A.  All organisms with identical genotypes and identical experience sometimes respond differently in different situations.
B.  All organisms with different genotypes and identical experience always respond identically in identical situations.
C.  All organisms with similar genotypes and similar experience always respond differently in identical situations.
D.  All organisms with identical genotypes and identical experience always respond identically in identical situations.
E.  All organisms with identical genotypes and different experience always respond identically in identical situations.
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29 .
Media are not just passive channels of information. Not only do they supply the stuff of thought, but they also shape the process of thought. And what the Internet seems to be doing is chipping away our capacity for concentration. Which of the following if true, would most strengthen the argument presented above ?
A.  Nietzsche was forced to use a typewriter when he started losing his vision. After he mastered the machine, he could type with his eyes closed. It was later found that under the effect of the machine. Nietzsche's prose 'changed from arguments to aphorisms, from thoughts to puns, from rhetoric to telegram style'.
B.  One of the effects of the timekeeping instruments has been that we have started deciding on our daily activities based on the clock and not based on our senses.
C.  Studies have shown that the essay writing skills of an average 15 -20 year old, who spends a lot of time browsing the Internet, is comparable to what it was among the average 15-20 year old, throughout the 1980s and the 1990s.
D.  A recent study has shown that the number of people who fall asleep while reading a printed book has increased in the last five years.
E.  The ability of the younger judges, who have grown up with ready access to Internet, to judge complex and intricate cases, has, on an average, become better as compared to what it was for judges of comparable age profile during the 1920s.
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30 .
Silver is especially and repetitively savage about what he sees as the extravagant claims made for particle physics, arguing that once the proton, neutron and electron were found and their properties experimentally confirmed, the very expensive searches for ever more exotic particles, such as the Higgs Boson, were increasingly harder to justify other than by their importance to particle physicists. Most of the particles resemble ecstatic happiness: They are very shortlived and have nothing to do with everyday life. His repeated assault goes to the level of sarcasm: 'Finding the Higgs Boson will be a magnificent technical and theoretical triumph. Like a great Bobby Fisher game'. Of course, this is a tad unfair, even if some of the claims of its practitioners invite such assaults on their field.
Which of the following, if true, will weaken the argument described in the passage?
A.  All streams of new science need to undergo through a period of uncertainty and we should not criticize research in particle physics alone.
B.  Necessity is the mother of every invention
C.  Knowledge has preceded application in all spheres of science.
D.  Funding agency supporting research on Higgs Boson do not mind wasting their money.
E.  Do not expect everyone to appreciate everything.
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Syllogisms 1 Statements and arguments


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