1 . Study the following information to answer the given questions.
Science is a sort of news agency comparable in principle to other news agencies. But this news agency gives us information which is reliable to an extraordinarily high degree due to elaborate studies spread over centuries. So, science should be read with the same interest with which we read news
Which of the following will weaken the above argument?
A.  Man is an intelligent creature.
B.  Science gives information
C.  Scientific information is revised
D.  News agencies cannot verify news
E.  None of these
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2 . Study the following information to answer the given questions.
Science is a sort of news agency comparable in principle to other news agencies. But this news agency gives us information which is reliable to an extraordinarily high degree due to elaborate studies spread over centuries. So, science should be read with the same interest with which we read news
Which of the following may be regarded as an assumption in the above passage?
A.  Verification of news is necessary.
B.  Science encourages investigative spirit.
C.  Science is objective in approach.
D.  Science gives us news and not any other information regarding national phenomenon
E.  None of these
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3 . Study the following information to answer the given questions.
Science is a sort of news agency comparable in principle to other news agencies. But this news agency gives us information which is reliable to an extraordinarily high degree due to elaborate studies spread over centuries. So, science should be read with the same interest with which we read news
Which of the following strengthens the argument?
A.  Agricultural research is scientific
B.  Science gives abstract theories
C.  Verified information is reliable
D.  Science is a compulsory subject
E.  None of these
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4 .
As the information on air warface tasks and stressors was being gathereed and scenarios were being developed, a parallel effort ensued to identify a test bed simulation for air warfare teams. To maintain experimental control it was determined by the designers that choosing a low physical fidelity simulation was acceptable as long as cognitive fidelity in a team simulation was maintained through subjecting soldiers to pressure situations in a simulated combat setting and attempting to ensure that naturalistic decision making of soldiers would not be compromised.
Which of the following statements, if true, weakens the logic of the above passage ?
i. A number of studies have shown that high levels of physical stress lead to a weaking of the decision making capabilities of human beings.
ii. It has been convincingly demonstrated by various studies that human beings by nature are not designed to adapt to high levels of mental stress.
iii. Numerious studies have shown that simulated environments can be designed to be good substitutes for real life combat situations.
iv. Studies have shown that simulated exercises for armed forces personnel have tended to induce a systematic type of 'correct' and common behaviour among the trainees.
v. Officers, when short listing soldiers for critical operations, pick up battle-hardened soldiers rather than those who have been trained through simulations.
A.  I and II
B.  II and III
C.  I and IV
D.  I, II, IV and V
E.  II, III, IV and V
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5 .
The Yoga system is divided into two principal parts - Hatha and Raja Yoga. Hatha Yoga deals principally with the physiological part of man with a view to establish his health and train his will. The processes prescribed to arrive at this end are so difficult that only a few resolute souls go through all the stages of its practice. Many have failed and some have died in the attempt. It is therefore strongly denounced by all the philosophers. The most illustrious Shankaracharya has remarked in his treatise called Aparokshanubhuti that the system of Hatha Yoga was intended for those whose wordly desires are not pacified or uprooted. '
Which one of the following
A.  if true
B.  most substantially strengthens the idea given in the passage? "
C.  The percentage of people in a given ashram practising Raja Yoga is more than the percentage of people practising Hatha Yoga
D.  The number of people in a given ashram practising Raja Yoga is more than the number of people practising Hatha Yoga.
E.  The number of Yoga schools teaching Raja Yoga is more than the number of Yoga schools teaching Hatha Yoga.
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6 . According to recent reports, CEOs of large organisations are paid more than CEOs of small organisations. It does not seem fair that just because a CEO is heading a big organisation she/he should be paid more. CEOs' salary should be related to performance, especially growth in terms of sales and profits.
Of course, big organisations are more complex than 'the small, but all CEOs require significant amount of energy and time in managing organisations. There is no proof that CEOs of big organisations are more stressed than CEOs of small organisations. All CEOs should be paid according to their performance.
A person seeking to refute the argument might argue that
A.  CEOs should be paid equally.
B.  Managing big organisation is more challenging than small.
C.  If CEOs of small companies performs well, the company would become big and so would be CEOs' salary.
D.  CEOs, who travel more should be paid more.
E.  Highly qualified CEOs should be paid more because they have acquired difficult education.
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7 . According to recent reports, CEOs of large organisations are paid more than CEOs of small organisations. It does not seem fair that just because a CEO is heading a big organisation she/he should be paid more. CEOs' salary should be related to performance, especially growth in terms of sales and profits.
Of course, big organisations are more complex than 'the small, but all CEOs require significant amount of energy and time in managing organisations. There is no proof that CEOs of big organisations are more stressed than CEOs of small organisations. All CEOs should be paid according to their performance.
Which of the following, if true, would strengthen the speaker's argument?
A.  CEOs of small organisations come from good educational background.
B.  CEOs of big organisations are very difficult to hire.
C.  A few big family businesses have CEOs from within the family.
D.  CEOs in big organisation take much longer to reach top, as compared to their counterparts in small organisations.
E.  Big organisations contribute more towards moral development of society.
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8 .
The purpose of the proposed law requiring a doctor's prescription for obtaining hypodermic needles is to lower the incidence of drug-related deaths, both accidental and intentional, involving hypodermic needles. But even knitting needles can be lethal if they fall into the wrong hands; yet everyone would agree that imposing legal restrictions on obtaining knitting needles would be preposterous. Hence the proposed law involving hypodermic makes no sense and should not be enacted.
Which of the following, it true, would provide most support for the argument above?
A.  Knitting needles have been known to cause injury and death.
B.  The benefits of hypodermic needles outweigh those of knitting needles.
C.  The proposed law would not deter the sort of activity known to result in drug-related deaths.
D.  Knitting needles are not readily available to anybody who wants to obtain them
E.  None of the above
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9 .
A drug that is very effective in treating some forms of cancer can, at present, be obtained only from the bark of the Raynhu, a tree that is quite rare in the wild. It takes the bark of approximately 5,000 trees to make one pound of the drug. It follows, then, that continued production of the drug must inevitably lead to the raynhu's extinction.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the above conclusion?
A.  The drug made from Raynhu bark is dispensed to doctors from a central authority.
B.  The drug made from the Raynhu bark is expensive to produce
C.  The Raynhu generally grows in largely inaccessible places.
D.  The Raynhu can be propagated from cuttings and cultivated by farmers.
E.  None of these
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10 .
Govt of India is providing a unique identity card to every citizen. Some important information like his blood group, permanent address, bank account number and mobile/ telephone number is mentioned on this card to identify that person for security purpose or in case some serious accident takes place. Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the above information?
A.  In a country like India, which is one of the most populated countries in the world, it is not possible to provide every citizen a unique identification card
B.  The police need this information (on the card), especially when the accident is fatal
C.  None is supposed to forget his phone number under any circumstances
D.  Blood cannot be transfused until its group is mentioned on the card.
E.  None of these
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11 .
Study the following information carefully and answer the question.
In a recent performance approval done by Company X, more than 70% of the employees were found to be underperforming. ''I think that the restructuring done by the company in the previous year is responsible for the underperformance of the employees''- HR manager of company X. Which of the following statements weakens the statement of HR Manager of Company X ?
A.  The incentives linked to performance were abolished upon restructuring creating dissatisfaction among employees.
B.  After restructuring the decision making power was taken away from employees thus delaying the work by long hours.
C.  The number of projects in Company X increased by 60% this year thereby increasing the burden on the existing employees this year
D.  After restructuring the employees were required to report to multiple bosses/ officers leading to ambiguity at the work place
E.  Adequate training was not provided to the employees transferred to different departments and locations after restructuring.
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12 .
Read the given information and answer the question. The government of State D was recently criticised for accepting a proposal as per which schools in the State will not conduct exams up to standard nine. Rather, schools will promote all the students up to standard nine and from standard nine onwards the students would either be passed or failed depending upon their marks in the exams.
Which of the following may not be a reason for the criticism of the government of State D for accepting the proposal ?
A.  Several parents have raised concern that students would not be willing to pay attention in class and retain the information because they do not have to write exams.
B.  Students learn to write exam papers in a stipulated period of time with practice of solving exam papers over the years and many students may not be able to grasp this directly in the standard nine.
C.  Many teachers are of the opinion that students have become very competitive and are mainly focused on acquiring marks rather than gaining knowledge.
D.  Studies suggest that students become less prone to exam anxiety and exam fear when they get used to passing exams over the years as compared to when they do not appear for an exam at all.
E.  Experts suggest that the special needs of children can be adequately assessed through examining of their exam papers and early assessment helps initiate early intervention and major projects through exams.
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13 . Read the following information and five statements given below it carefully and answer the questions which follow: Since 2008, migration to urban areas in search of employement has increased several times, surpassing marriage as the biggest reason for migration in India.
(A) The wages and employment opportunities in rural parts of India have been at part with those in urban areas for last five years.
(B) The government and foreign MNCs have concentrated on development of job opportunities only in urban parts of the country.
(C) Marriage was once the biggest reason for migration in India.
(D) More skilled professionals than manual laborers migrate to urban area in search of employment.
(E) The urban areas attracting migrants are already facing and will further face a severe challenge accommodating increased population while the resources need to do so remain the same.
Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above can be a reason/cause for increased migration to urban areas?
A.  A
B.  B
C.  C
D.  D
E.  E
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14 . Read the following information and five statements given below it carefully and answer the questions which follow: Since 2008, migration to urban areas in search of employement has increased several times, surpassing marriage as the biggest reason for migration in India.
(A) The wages and employment opportunities in rural parts of India have been at part with those in urban areas for last five years.
(B) The government and foreign MNCs have concentrated on development of job opportunities only in urban parts of the country.
(C) Marriage was once the biggest reason for migration in India.
(D) More skilled professionals than manual laborers migrate to urban area in search of employment.
(E) The urban areas attracting migrants are already facing and will further face a severe challenge accommodating increased population while the resources need to do so remain the same.
Which of the following represents a result repercussion of the increased migration to urban areas?
A.  A
B.  B
C.  C
D.  D
E.  E
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15 . Read the following information and five statements given below it carefully and answer the questions which follow: Since 2008, migration to urban areas in search of employement has increased several times, surpassing marriage as the biggest reason for migration in India.
(A) The wages and employment opportunities in rural parts of India have been at part with those in urban areas for last five years.
(B) The government and foreign MNCs have concentrated on development of job opportunities only in urban parts of the country.
(C) Marriage was once the biggest reason for migration in India.
(D) More skilled professionals than manual laborers migrate to urban area in search of employment.
(E) The urban areas attracting migrants are already facing and will further face a severe challenge accommodating increased population while the resources need to do so remain the same.
Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) directly follow/s from the given statement?
A.  Only A
B.  Only B
C.  Only C
D.  Only D
E.  Both A and B
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16 . Read the following information and five statements given below it carefully and answer the questions which follow: Since 2008, migration to urban areas in search of employement has increased several times, surpassing marriage as the biggest reason for migration in India.
(A) The wages and employment opportunities in rural parts of India have been at part with those in urban areas for last five years.
(B) The government and foreign MNCs have concentrated on development of job opportunities only in urban parts of the country.
(C) Marriage was once the biggest reason for migration in India.
(D) More skilled professionals than manual laborers migrate to urban area in search of employment.
(E) The urban areas attracting migrants are already facing and will further face a severe challenge accommodating increased population while the resources need to do so remain the same.
Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above would weaken/contradict the facts presented in the given statement?
A.  Only A
B.  Only B
C.  Only C
D.  Only E
E.  Only C and D
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17 .
Read the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
'Pets are not allowed in the park premises.' - A notice put up at the park entrance by the authority that is responsible for maintenance of the park.
Which of the following can be assumption according to the given information? (An assumption is something that is supposed or taken for granted)
A.  At least some people who visit the park have pets.
B.  This is the only park which does not allow pets.
C.  People who ignored this notice were fined.
D.  There are more than one entrance to the park
E.  Many people have now stopped visiting the park
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18 . Read the following information carefully and answer the given questions: Despite repeated announcements that mobile phones were allowed in the examination hall, three students were caught with their mobile phones.
(A) Mobile phones nowadays have a lot of features and it is very easy to cheat with their help.
(B) The invigilator must immediateluy confiscate the mobile phones and ask the students to leave the exam hall immediately.
(C) Mobile phones are very expensive and leaving them in bags outside the exam hall is not safe.
(D) There have been incidents where students who left the exam hall early stole the mobile phones kept in the bags of the students who were writing the exam. (E) The school authorities must ask the students to leave their phones in the custody of the inviliator before the exam in order to avoid thefts of mobile phones.
(F) None of the other students were carrying their exam hall.
Which of the following among (A), (B), (C) and (D) may be a strong argument in favour of the three students who were caught with their mobile phones?
A.  Only A
B.  Both A and B
C.  Both C and D
D.  Only C
E.  Both B and D
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19 . Read the following information carefully and answer the given questions: Despite repeated announcements that mobile phones were allowed in the examination hall, three students were caught with their mobile phones.
(A) Mobile phones nowadays have a lot of features and it is very easy to cheat with their help.
(B) The invigilator must immediateluy confiscate the mobile phones and ask the students to leave the exam hall immediately.
(C) Mobile phones are very expensive and leaving them in bags outside the exam hall is not safe.
(D) There have been incidents where students who left the exam hall early stole the mobile phones kept in the bags of the students who were writing the exam. (E) The school authorities must ask the students to leave their phones in the custody of the inviliator before the exam in order to avoid thefts of mobile phones.
(F) None of the other students were carrying their exam hall.
Which of the following among (A), (B), (E) and (F) may be the reason behind the school making such announcements before the exam?
A.  Only B
B.  Both B and E
C.  Only F
D.  Only A
E.  Both E and F
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20 . Read the following information carefully and answer the given questions: Despite repeated announcements that mobile phones were allowed in the examination hall, three students were caught with their mobile phones.
(A) Mobile phones nowadays have a lot of features and it is very easy to cheat with their help.
(B) The invigilator must immediateluy confiscate the mobile phones and ask the students to leave the exam hall immediately.
(C) Mobile phones are very expensive and leaving them in bags outside the exam hall is not safe.
(D) There have been incidents where students who left the exam hall early stole the mobile phones kept in the bags of the students who were writing the exam. (E) The school authorities must ask the students to leave their phones in the custody of the inviliator before the exam in order to avoid thefts of mobile phones.
(F) None of the other students were carrying their exam hall.
Which of the following among (A), (B), (D) and (F) can be an immediate course of action for the invigilator?
A.  Only B
B.  Both A and D
C.  Only A
D.  Both D and F
E.  Only F
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21 . Read the following information and the sentences (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) given below it carefully and answer the questions which follow:
A host of foreign companies are in talks with the Indian governement for selling B150, a tough, a short-haul plane ideal for connectivity of smaller towns which is lacking in India at present.
(A) B150 planes have not only low operating costs than competing planes like Cezana but also a much better track record in terms of saftey and efficiency.
(B) The profit margin of road transport operators in the smal ler towns connected by B150 planes has been reduced substantially as a majority of people prefer air transport over other means of transport.
(C) Smaller towns, at present, are better connected by roads and railways as compared to flight services.
(D) B150 planes are capable of operating I sectors where large airlines cannot fly due to challenging conditions such as mist, short runways, etc. Such planes can also double up as cargo planes and charter flights for the rich and the elite.
(E) B150 planes need to operate in the existing airports which are situated in bigger cities only and are poorly connected to the smaller cities.
Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) can be inferred from the facts/information given in the statement? (An inference is something which is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given facts.)
A.  Only A
B.  Only B
C.  Only C
D.  Only B and D
E.  None of these
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22 . Read the following information and the sentences (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) given below it carefully and answer the questions which follow:
A host of foreign companies are in talks with the Indian governement for selling B150, a tough, a short-haul plane ideal for connectivity of smaller towns which is lacking in India at present.
(A) B150 planes have not only low operating costs than competing planes like Cezana but also a much better track record in terms of saftey and efficiency.
(B) The profit margin of road transport operators in the smal ler towns connected by B150 planes has been reduced substantially as a majority of people prefer air transport over other means of transport.
(C) Smaller towns, at present, are better connected by roads and railways as compared to flight services.
(D) B150 planes are capable of operating I sectors where large airlines cannot fly due to challenging conditions such as mist, short runways, etc. Such planes can also double up as cargo planes and charter flights for the rich and the elite.
(E) B150 planes need to operate in the existing airports which are situated in bigger cities only and are poorly connected to the smaller cities.
Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above would weaken the offer made by the foreign companies for selling B150 planes to Indian government?
A.  A
B.  B
C.  C
D.  D
E.  E
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23 . Read the following information and the sentences (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) given below it carefully and answer the questions which follow:
A host of foreign companies are in talks with the Indian governement for selling B150, a tough, a short-haul plane ideal for connectivity of smaller towns which is lacking in India at present.
(A) B150 planes have not only low operating costs than competing planes like Cezana but also a much better track record in terms of saftey and efficiency.
(B) The profit margin of road transport operators in the smal ler towns connected by B150 planes has been reduced substantially as a majority of people prefer air transport over other means of transport.
(C) Smaller towns, at present, are better connected by roads and railways as compared to flight services.
(D) B150 planes are capable of operating I sectors where large airlines cannot fly due to challenging conditions such as mist, short runways, etc. Such planes can also double up as cargo planes and charter flights for the rich and the elite.
(E) B150 planes need to operate in the existing airports which are situated in bigger cities only and are poorly connected to the smaller cities.
Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above represents a possible consequence of the success of B150 planes in smaller cities?
A.  A
B.  B
C.  C
D.  D
E.  E
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24 . Read the following information and the sentences (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) given below it carefully and answer the questions which follow:
A host of foreign companies are in talks with the Indian governement for selling B150, a tough, a short-haul plane ideal for connectivity of smaller towns which is lacking in India at present.
(A) B150 planes have not only low operating costs than competing planes like Cezana but also a much better track record in terms of saftey and efficiency.
(B) The profit margin of road transport operators in the smal ler towns connected by B150 planes has been reduced substantially as a majority of people prefer air transport over other means of transport.
(C) Smaller towns, at present, are better connected by roads and railways as compared to flight services.
(D) B150 planes are capable of operating I sectors where large airlines cannot fly due to challenging conditions such as mist, short runways, etc. Such planes can also double up as cargo planes and charter flights for the rich and the elite.
(E) B150 planes need to operate in the existing airports which are situated in bigger cities only and are poorly connected to the smaller cities.
Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) would favour the foreign companies bid to sell B150 planes in India?
A.  Only A
B.  Only B
C.  Both B and C
D.  Both A and D
E.  Both E and C
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25 . Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow: The financial results of IT companies in the quarter ending December were 'far ahead' of estimates and very promising
A.  Som Mittal, President of Nasscom said. These results
B.  he said, reflected the 'strong fundamentals' of Indian IT companies."
These questions are based on the information given above and the sentences labelled as (A)
C.  (B)
D.  (C)
E.  (D) and (E) given below.
(A) Nasscom is an organisation which keeps an eye on the performance of IT companies.
(B) IT companies form the crux of the Indian economy.
(C) The financial results of the previous three quarters were admirable.
(D) A strong financial position forms the backdrop of the overall health of the organisation.
(E) The financial results of this quarter are dismal as compared to those of the last year.
Which of the statements
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26 . Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow: The financial results of IT companies in the quarter ending December were 'far ahead' of estimates and very promising
A.  Som Mittal, President of Nasscom said. These results
B.  he said, reflected the 'strong fundamentals' of Indian IT companies."
These questions are based on the information given above and the sentences labelled as (A)
C.  (B)
D.  (C)
E.  (D) and (E) given below.
(A) Nasscom is an organisation which keeps an eye on the performance of IT companies.
(B) IT companies form the crux of the Indian economy.
(C) The financial results of the previous three quarters were admirable.
(D) A strong financial position forms the backdrop of the overall health of the organisation.
(E) The financial results of this quarter are dismal as compared to those of the last year.
Which of the following can be a conclusion from the above passage? "
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27 . Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow: The financial results of IT companies in the quarter ending December were 'far ahead' of estimates and very promising
A.  Som Mittal, President of Nasscom said. These results
B.  he said, reflected the 'strong fundamentals' of Indian IT companies."
These questions are based on the information given above and the sentences labelled as (A)
C.  (B)
D.  (C)
E.  (D) and (E) given below.
(A) Nasscom is an organisation which keeps an eye on the performance of IT companies.
(B) IT companies form the crux of the Indian economy.
(C) The financial results of the previous three quarters were admirable.
(D) A strong financial position forms the backdrop of the overall health of the organisation.
(E) The financial results of this quarter are dismal as compared to those of the last year.
Which of the following can be an assumption in the above passage? "
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28 . Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow: The financial results of IT companies in the quarter ending December were 'far ahead' of estimates and very promising
A.  Som Mittal, President of Nasscom said. These results
B.  he said, reflected the 'strong fundamentals' of Indian IT companies."
These questions are based on the information given above and the sentences labelled as (A)
C.  (B)
D.  (C)
E.  (D) and (E) given below.
(A) Nasscom is an organisation which keeps an eye on the performance of IT companies.
(B) IT companies form the crux of the Indian economy.
(C) The financial results of the previous three quarters were admirable.
(D) A strong financial position forms the backdrop of the overall health of the organisation.
(E) The financial results of this quarter are dismal as compared to those of the last year.
Which of the statements
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29 . Read the following paragraph carefully and answer the questions that follows. After rising for several months, gold prices are likely to see a gradual decline in the short term on the back of strong global cues. With the US economy showing signs of recovery, domestic gold prices are expected to settle at under Rs. 30000 per 10 grams by March, although the decline may not be as steep as international prices.
(A) Gold prices are determined by international market prices.
(B) Prices of gold in local market are on a continuous decline.
(C) Soaring price of gold is not a positive sign for an economy.
(D) The US economy is very speculative.
(E) There are strong signs of decline in the price as it was in the case of petroleum and crude oil five years ago. Later, the market did decline.
Which of the following statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) can be a conclusion from the above paragraph?
A.  Only A
B.  Only B
C.  Both A and B
D.  Both C and D
E.  None of these
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30 . Read the following paragraph carefully and answer the questions that follows. After rising for several months, gold prices are likely to see a gradual decline in the short term on the back of strong global cues. With the US economy showing signs of recovery, domestic gold prices are expected to settle at under Rs. 30000 per 10 grams by March, although the decline may not be as steep as international prices.
(A) Gold prices are determined by international market prices.
(B) Prices of gold in local market are on a continuous decline.
(C) Soaring price of gold is not a positive sign for an economy.
(D) The US economy is very speculative.
(E) There are strong signs of decline in the price as it was in the case of petroleum and crude oil five years ago. Later, the market did decline.
Which of the following statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) would weaken the argument of the author?
A.  Only A
B.  Only B
C.  Only D
D.  Both B and C
E.  Both A and E
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Data sufficiency Course of action


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