1 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Prior to independence the healthcare sector in India was in a $(1)$ with a large number of deaths and rampant spread of infectious diseases. After independence the Government of India laid $(2)$ on primary healthcare and India has put in sustained efforts to better the healthcare system $(3)$ the country, The government initiative was not enough to meet the demands of a growing population be it in primary, secondary or tertiary healthcare. Alternate sources of finance were critical for the sustainability of the health sector. Till about 20 years ago, private sector ventures in the healthcare seetor $(4)$ of only solo practitioners, small hospitals and nursing homes. The quality of service provided was excellent especially in the hospitals run by charitable trusts and religious foundations. In 1980's realizing that the government on its own would not be able to $(5)$ for healthcare, the government allowed the entry of private sector to reduce the $(6)$ between supply and demand for healthcare. The establishment of the private sector has resulted in the $(7)$ of opportunities in terms of medical equipment, information technology in health services. BPO, telemedicine and medical tourism.
Large companies and $(8)$ individuals have now started five star hospitals which dominate the space for the high end market. The private sector has made $(9)$ progress, but on the flip side it is also responsible for increasing $(10)$ in the healthcare sector. The private sector should be more socially relevant and effort must be made to make private sector accessible to the weaker sections of society.
$(1)$
A.  shambles
B.  failure
C.  demand
D.  prosperity
E.  ruined
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2 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Prior to independence the healthcare sector in India was in a $(1)$ with a large number of deaths and rampant spread of infectious diseases. After independence the Government of India laid $(2)$ on primary healthcare and India has put in sustained efforts to better the healthcare system $(3)$ the country, The government initiative was not enough to meet the demands of a growing population be it in primary, secondary or tertiary healthcare. Alternate sources of finance were critical for the sustainability of the health sector. Till about 20 years ago, private sector ventures in the healthcare seetor $(4)$ of only solo practitioners, small hospitals and nursing homes. The quality of service provided was excellent especially in the hospitals run by charitable trusts and religious foundations. In 1980's realizing that the government on its own would not be able to $(5)$ for healthcare, the government allowed the entry of private sector to reduce the $(6)$ between supply and demand for healthcare. The establishment of the private sector has resulted in the $(7)$ of opportunities in terms of medical equipment, information technology in health services. BPO, telemedicine and medical tourism.
Large companies and $(8)$ individuals have now started five star hospitals which dominate the space for the high end market. The private sector has made $(9)$ progress, but on the flip side it is also responsible for increasing $(10)$ in the healthcare sector. The private sector should be more socially relevant and effort must be made to make private sector accessible to the weaker sections of society.
$(2)$
A.  bricks
B.  emphasize
C.  request
D.  stress
E.  important
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3 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Prior to independence the healthcare sector in India was in a $(1)$ with a large number of deaths and rampant spread of infectious diseases. After independence the Government of India laid $(2)$ on primary healthcare and India has put in sustained efforts to better the healthcare system $(3)$ the country, The government initiative was not enough to meet the demands of a growing population be it in primary, secondary or tertiary healthcare. Alternate sources of finance were critical for the sustainability of the health sector. Till about 20 years ago, private sector ventures in the healthcare seetor $(4)$ of only solo practitioners, small hospitals and nursing homes. The quality of service provided was excellent especially in the hospitals run by charitable trusts and religious foundations. In 1980's realizing that the government on its own would not be able to $(5)$ for healthcare, the government allowed the entry of private sector to reduce the $(6)$ between supply and demand for healthcare. The establishment of the private sector has resulted in the $(7)$ of opportunities in terms of medical equipment, information technology in health services. BPO, telemedicine and medical tourism.
Large companies and $(8)$ individuals have now started five star hospitals which dominate the space for the high end market. The private sector has made $(9)$ progress, but on the flip side it is also responsible for increasing $(10)$ in the healthcare sector. The private sector should be more socially relevant and effort must be made to make private sector accessible to the weaker sections of society.
$(3)$
A.  through
B.  across
C.  sharing
D.  with
E.  on
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4 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Prior to independence the healthcare sector in India was in a $(1)$ with a large number of deaths and rampant spread of infectious diseases. After independence the Government of India laid $(2)$ on primary healthcare and India has put in sustained efforts to better the healthcare system $(3)$ the country, The government initiative was not enough to meet the demands of a growing population be it in primary, secondary or tertiary healthcare. Alternate sources of finance were critical for the sustainability of the health sector. Till about 20 years ago, private sector ventures in the healthcare seetor $(4)$ of only solo practitioners, small hospitals and nursing homes. The quality of service provided was excellent especially in the hospitals run by charitable trusts and religious foundations. In 1980's realizing that the government on its own would not be able to $(5)$ for healthcare, the government allowed the entry of private sector to reduce the $(6)$ between supply and demand for healthcare. The establishment of the private sector has resulted in the $(7)$ of opportunities in terms of medical equipment, information technology in health services. BPO, telemedicine and medical tourism.
Large companies and $(8)$ individuals have now started five star hospitals which dominate the space for the high end market. The private sector has made $(9)$ progress, but on the flip side it is also responsible for increasing $(10)$ in the healthcare sector. The private sector should be more socially relevant and effort must be made to make private sector accessible to the weaker sections of society.
$(4)$
A.  made
B.  comprise
C.  consisted
D.  is
E.  contained
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5 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Prior to independence the healthcare sector in India was in a $(1)$ with a large number of deaths and rampant spread of infectious diseases. After independence the Government of India laid $(2)$ on primary healthcare and India has put in sustained efforts to better the healthcare system $(3)$ the country, The government initiative was not enough to meet the demands of a growing population be it in primary, secondary or tertiary healthcare. Alternate sources of finance were critical for the sustainability of the health sector. Till about 20 years ago, private sector ventures in the healthcare seetor $(4)$ of only solo practitioners, small hospitals and nursing homes. The quality of service provided was excellent especially in the hospitals run by charitable trusts and religious foundations. In 1980's realizing that the government on its own would not be able to $(5)$ for healthcare, the government allowed the entry of private sector to reduce the $(6)$ between supply and demand for healthcare. The establishment of the private sector has resulted in the $(7)$ of opportunities in terms of medical equipment, information technology in health services. BPO, telemedicine and medical tourism.
Large companies and $(8)$ individuals have now started five star hospitals which dominate the space for the high end market. The private sector has made $(9)$ progress, but on the flip side it is also responsible for increasing $(10)$ in the healthcare sector. The private sector should be more socially relevant and effort must be made to make private sector accessible to the weaker sections of society.
$(5)$
A.  cater
B.  provide
C.  manage
D.  survive
E.  give
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6 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Prior to independence the healthcare sector in India was in a $(1)$ with a large number of deaths and rampant spread of infectious diseases. After independence the Government of India laid $(2)$ on primary healthcare and India has put in sustained efforts to better the healthcare system $(3)$ the country, The government initiative was not enough to meet the demands of a growing population be it in primary, secondary or tertiary healthcare. Alternate sources of finance were critical for the sustainability of the health sector. Till about 20 years ago, private sector ventures in the healthcare seetor $(4)$ of only solo practitioners, small hospitals and nursing homes. The quality of service provided was excellent especially in the hospitals run by charitable trusts and religious foundations. In 1980's realizing that the government on its own would not be able to $(5)$ for healthcare, the government allowed the entry of private sector to reduce the $(6)$ between supply and demand for healthcare. The establishment of the private sector has resulted in the $(7)$ of opportunities in terms of medical equipment, information technology in health services. BPO, telemedicine and medical tourism.
Large companies and $(8)$ individuals have now started five star hospitals which dominate the space for the high end market. The private sector has made $(9)$ progress, but on the flip side it is also responsible for increasing $(10)$ in the healthcare sector. The private sector should be more socially relevant and effort must be made to make private sector accessible to the weaker sections of society.
$(6)$
A.  gap
B.  position
C.  distance
D.  length
E.  thought
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7 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Prior to independence the healthcare sector in India was in a $(1)$ with a large number of deaths and rampant spread of infectious diseases. After independence the Government of India laid $(2)$ on primary healthcare and India has put in sustained efforts to better the healthcare system $(3)$ the country, The government initiative was not enough to meet the demands of a growing population be it in primary, secondary or tertiary healthcare. Alternate sources of finance were critical for the sustainability of the health sector. Till about 20 years ago, private sector ventures in the healthcare seetor $(4)$ of only solo practitioners, small hospitals and nursing homes. The quality of service provided was excellent especially in the hospitals run by charitable trusts and religious foundations. In 1980's realizing that the government on its own would not be able to $(5)$ for healthcare, the government allowed the entry of private sector to reduce the $(6)$ between supply and demand for healthcare. The establishment of the private sector has resulted in the $(7)$ of opportunities in terms of medical equipment, information technology in health services. BPO, telemedicine and medical tourism.
Large companies and $(8)$ individuals have now started five star hospitals which dominate the space for the high end market. The private sector has made $(9)$ progress, but on the flip side it is also responsible for increasing $(10)$ in the healthcare sector. The private sector should be more socially relevant and effort must be made to make private sector accessible to the weaker sections of society.
$(7)$
A.  reduction
B.  sea
C.  cropping
D.  disabling
E.  emergence
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8 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Prior to independence the healthcare sector in India was in a $(1)$ with a large number of deaths and rampant spread of infectious diseases. After independence the Government of India laid $(2)$ on primary healthcare and India has put in sustained efforts to better the healthcare system $(3)$ the country, The government initiative was not enough to meet the demands of a growing population be it in primary, secondary or tertiary healthcare. Alternate sources of finance were critical for the sustainability of the health sector. Till about 20 years ago, private sector ventures in the healthcare seetor $(4)$ of only solo practitioners, small hospitals and nursing homes. The quality of service provided was excellent especially in the hospitals run by charitable trusts and religious foundations. In 1980's realizing that the government on its own would not be able to $(5)$ for healthcare, the government allowed the entry of private sector to reduce the $(6)$ between supply and demand for healthcare. The establishment of the private sector has resulted in the $(7)$ of opportunities in terms of medical equipment, information technology in health services. BPO, telemedicine and medical tourism.
Large companies and $(8)$ individuals have now started five star hospitals which dominate the space for the high end market. The private sector has made $(9)$ progress, but on the flip side it is also responsible for increasing $(10)$ in the healthcare sector. The private sector should be more socially relevant and effort must be made to make private sector accessible to the weaker sections of society.
$(8)$
A.  needy
B.  destitute
C.  bigger
D.  affluent
E.  much
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9 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Prior to independence the healthcare sector in India was in a $(1)$ with a large number of deaths and rampant spread of infectious diseases. After independence the Government of India laid $(2)$ on primary healthcare and India has put in sustained efforts to better the healthcare system $(3)$ the country, The government initiative was not enough to meet the demands of a growing population be it in primary, secondary or tertiary healthcare. Alternate sources of finance were critical for the sustainability of the health sector. Till about 20 years ago, private sector ventures in the healthcare seetor $(4)$ of only solo practitioners, small hospitals and nursing homes. The quality of service provided was excellent especially in the hospitals run by charitable trusts and religious foundations. In 1980's realizing that the government on its own would not be able to $(5)$ for healthcare, the government allowed the entry of private sector to reduce the $(6)$ between supply and demand for healthcare. The establishment of the private sector has resulted in the $(7)$ of opportunities in terms of medical equipment, information technology in health services. BPO, telemedicine and medical tourism.
Large companies and $(8)$ individuals have now started five star hospitals which dominate the space for the high end market. The private sector has made $(9)$ progress, but on the flip side it is also responsible for increasing $(10)$ in the healthcare sector. The private sector should be more socially relevant and effort must be made to make private sector accessible to the weaker sections of society.
$(9)$
A.  slowly
B.  improve
C.  many
D.  improvised
E.  tremendous
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10 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Prior to independence the healthcare sector in India was in a $(1)$ with a large number of deaths and rampant spread of infectious diseases. After independence the Government of India laid $(2)$ on primary healthcare and India has put in sustained efforts to better the healthcare system $(3)$ the country, The government initiative was not enough to meet the demands of a growing population be it in primary, secondary or tertiary healthcare. Alternate sources of finance were critical for the sustainability of the health sector. Till about 20 years ago, private sector ventures in the healthcare seetor $(4)$ of only solo practitioners, small hospitals and nursing homes. The quality of service provided was excellent especially in the hospitals run by charitable trusts and religious foundations. In 1980's realizing that the government on its own would not be able to $(5)$ for healthcare, the government allowed the entry of private sector to reduce the $(6)$ between supply and demand for healthcare. The establishment of the private sector has resulted in the $(7)$ of opportunities in terms of medical equipment, information technology in health services. BPO, telemedicine and medical tourism.
Large companies and $(8)$ individuals have now started five star hospitals which dominate the space for the high end market. The private sector has made $(9)$ progress, but on the flip side it is also responsible for increasing $(10)$ in the healthcare sector. The private sector should be more socially relevant and effort must be made to make private sector accessible to the weaker sections of society.
$(10)$
A.  speed
B.  pace
C.  inequality
D.  uniformity
E.  seriousness
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11 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which came $(11)$ effect in April this year, is meant to transform the education sector and take India closer to the goal of universal schooling. But with admissions to the new academic session just $(12)$ the corner, it is fast becoming clear that $(13)$ well intentioned ideas into $(14)$ will take some doing. For a start, the guidelines for admissions under the RTE prohibit schools from conducting any sort of student profiling. The stress on a random yet justifiable admission process means that schools will have to resort to something as quirky as a lottery system. However, leaving admission to a good school to pure $(15)$ will only incentivise manipulations, defeating the very essence of RTE.
The main problem facing the education sector is that of a resource crunch. The provisions for ensuring universal access to education are all very well, $(16)$ we have the infrastructure in place first. Brick and mortar schools need to precede open admission and not the $(17)$ way around. In that sense, legislators' assessment of ground realities is $(18)$ target when they endorse the closure of tens of thousands of low-cost private schools for not meeting the minimum standards of land plot, building specifications and playground area as laid out in the RTE Act. Instead of bearing down $(19)$ on private schools for failing to conform to abstract bureaucratic criteria, efforts to bring about universal education should focus on upgrading and expanding the existing government school infrastructure to accommodate all. Only then can we ensure the much needed supply-demand $(20)$ in the education sector.
$(11)$
A.  with
B.  for
C.  on
D.  into
E.  in
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12 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which came $(11)$ effect in April this year, is meant to transform the education sector and take India closer to the goal of universal schooling. But with admissions to the new academic session just $(12)$ the corner, it is fast becoming clear that $(13)$ well intentioned ideas into $(14)$ will take some doing. For a start, the guidelines for admissions under the RTE prohibit schools from conducting any sort of student profiling. The stress on a random yet justifiable admission process means that schools will have to resort to something as quirky as a lottery system. However, leaving admission to a good school to pure $(15)$ will only incentivise manipulations, defeating the very essence of RTE.
The main problem facing the education sector is that of a resource crunch. The provisions for ensuring universal access to education are all very well, $(16)$ we have the infrastructure in place first. Brick and mortar schools need to precede open admission and not the $(17)$ way around. In that sense, legislators' assessment of ground realities is $(18)$ target when they endorse the closure of tens of thousands of low-cost private schools for not meeting the minimum standards of land plot, building specifications and playground area as laid out in the RTE Act. Instead of bearing down $(19)$ on private schools for failing to conform to abstract bureaucratic criteria, efforts to bring about universal education should focus on upgrading and expanding the existing government school infrastructure to accommodate all. Only then can we ensure the much needed supply-demand $(20)$ in the education sector.
$(12)$
A.  around
B.  near
C.  into
D.  about
E.  reaching
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13 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which came $(11)$ effect in April this year, is meant to transform the education sector and take India closer to the goal of universal schooling. But with admissions to the new academic session just $(12)$ the corner, it is fast becoming clear that $(13)$ well intentioned ideas into $(14)$ will take some doing. For a start, the guidelines for admissions under the RTE prohibit schools from conducting any sort of student profiling. The stress on a random yet justifiable admission process means that schools will have to resort to something as quirky as a lottery system. However, leaving admission to a good school to pure $(15)$ will only incentivise manipulations, defeating the very essence of RTE.
The main problem facing the education sector is that of a resource crunch. The provisions for ensuring universal access to education are all very well, $(16)$ we have the infrastructure in place first. Brick and mortar schools need to precede open admission and not the $(17)$ way around. In that sense, legislators' assessment of ground realities is $(18)$ target when they endorse the closure of tens of thousands of low-cost private schools for not meeting the minimum standards of land plot, building specifications and playground area as laid out in the RTE Act. Instead of bearing down $(19)$ on private schools for failing to conform to abstract bureaucratic criteria, efforts to bring about universal education should focus on upgrading and expanding the existing government school infrastructure to accommodate all. Only then can we ensure the much needed supply-demand $(20)$ in the education sector.
$(13)$
A.  forming
B.  translating
C.  having
D.  taking
E.  framing
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14 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which came $(11)$ effect in April this year, is meant to transform the education sector and take India closer to the goal of universal schooling. But with admissions to the new academic session just $(12)$ the corner, it is fast becoming clear that $(13)$ well intentioned ideas into $(14)$ will take some doing. For a start, the guidelines for admissions under the RTE prohibit schools from conducting any sort of student profiling. The stress on a random yet justifiable admission process means that schools will have to resort to something as quirky as a lottery system. However, leaving admission to a good school to pure $(15)$ will only incentivise manipulations, defeating the very essence of RTE.
The main problem facing the education sector is that of a resource crunch. The provisions for ensuring universal access to education are all very well, $(16)$ we have the infrastructure in place first. Brick and mortar schools need to precede open admission and not the $(17)$ way around. In that sense, legislators' assessment of ground realities is $(18)$ target when they endorse the closure of tens of thousands of low-cost private schools for not meeting the minimum standards of land plot, building specifications and playground area as laid out in the RTE Act. Instead of bearing down $(19)$ on private schools for failing to conform to abstract bureaucratic criteria, efforts to bring about universal education should focus on upgrading and expanding the existing government school infrastructure to accommodate all. Only then can we ensure the much needed supply-demand $(20)$ in the education sector.
$(14)$
A.  affect
B.  ideas
C.  practice
D.  concept
E.  procedure
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15 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which came $(11)$ effect in April this year, is meant to transform the education sector and take India closer to the goal of universal schooling. But with admissions to the new academic session just $(12)$ the corner, it is fast becoming clear that $(13)$ well intentioned ideas into $(14)$ will take some doing. For a start, the guidelines for admissions under the RTE prohibit schools from conducting any sort of student profiling. The stress on a random yet justifiable admission process means that schools will have to resort to something as quirky as a lottery system. However, leaving admission to a good school to pure $(15)$ will only incentivise manipulations, defeating the very essence of RTE.
The main problem facing the education sector is that of a resource crunch. The provisions for ensuring universal access to education are all very well, $(16)$ we have the infrastructure in place first. Brick and mortar schools need to precede open admission and not the $(17)$ way around. In that sense, legislators' assessment of ground realities is $(18)$ target when they endorse the closure of tens of thousands of low-cost private schools for not meeting the minimum standards of land plot, building specifications and playground area as laid out in the RTE Act. Instead of bearing down $(19)$ on private schools for failing to conform to abstract bureaucratic criteria, efforts to bring about universal education should focus on upgrading and expanding the existing government school infrastructure to accommodate all. Only then can we ensure the much needed supply-demand $(20)$ in the education sector.
$(15)$
A.  benefit
B.  merit
C.  chance
D.  basis
E.  method
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16 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which came $(11)$ effect in April this year, is meant to transform the education sector and take India closer to the goal of universal schooling. But with admissions to the new academic session just $(12)$ the corner, it is fast becoming clear that $(13)$ well intentioned ideas into $(14)$ will take some doing. For a start, the guidelines for admissions under the RTE prohibit schools from conducting any sort of student profiling. The stress on a random yet justifiable admission process means that schools will have to resort to something as quirky as a lottery system. However, leaving admission to a good school to pure $(15)$ will only incentivise manipulations, defeating the very essence of RTE.
The main problem facing the education sector is that of a resource crunch. The provisions for ensuring universal access to education are all very well, $(16)$ we have the infrastructure in place first. Brick and mortar schools need to precede open admission and not the $(17)$ way around. In that sense, legislators' assessment of ground realities is $(18)$ target when they endorse the closure of tens of thousands of low-cost private schools for not meeting the minimum standards of land plot, building specifications and playground area as laid out in the RTE Act. Instead of bearing down $(19)$ on private schools for failing to conform to abstract bureaucratic criteria, efforts to bring about universal education should focus on upgrading and expanding the existing government school infrastructure to accommodate all. Only then can we ensure the much needed supply-demand $(20)$ in the education sector.
$(16)$
A.  unless
B.  until
C.  executed
D.  provided
E.  exercised
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17 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which came $(11)$ effect in April this year, is meant to transform the education sector and take India closer to the goal of universal schooling. But with admissions to the new academic session just $(12)$ the corner, it is fast becoming clear that $(13)$ well intentioned ideas into $(14)$ will take some doing. For a start, the guidelines for admissions under the RTE prohibit schools from conducting any sort of student profiling. The stress on a random yet justifiable admission process means that schools will have to resort to something as quirky as a lottery system. However, leaving admission to a good school to pure $(15)$ will only incentivise manipulations, defeating the very essence of RTE.
The main problem facing the education sector is that of a resource crunch. The provisions for ensuring universal access to education are all very well, $(16)$ we have the infrastructure in place first. Brick and mortar schools need to precede open admission and not the $(17)$ way around. In that sense, legislators' assessment of ground realities is $(18)$ target when they endorse the closure of tens of thousands of low-cost private schools for not meeting the minimum standards of land plot, building specifications and playground area as laid out in the RTE Act. Instead of bearing down $(19)$ on private schools for failing to conform to abstract bureaucratic criteria, efforts to bring about universal education should focus on upgrading and expanding the existing government school infrastructure to accommodate all. Only then can we ensure the much needed supply-demand $(20)$ in the education sector.
$(17)$
A.  other
B.  any
C.  two
D.  differ
E.  after
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18 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which came $(11)$ effect in April this year, is meant to transform the education sector and take India closer to the goal of universal schooling. But with admissions to the new academic session just $(12)$ the corner, it is fast becoming clear that $(13)$ well intentioned ideas into $(14)$ will take some doing. For a start, the guidelines for admissions under the RTE prohibit schools from conducting any sort of student profiling. The stress on a random yet justifiable admission process means that schools will have to resort to something as quirky as a lottery system. However, leaving admission to a good school to pure $(15)$ will only incentivise manipulations, defeating the very essence of RTE.
The main problem facing the education sector is that of a resource crunch. The provisions for ensuring universal access to education are all very well, $(16)$ we have the infrastructure in place first. Brick and mortar schools need to precede open admission and not the $(17)$ way around. In that sense, legislators' assessment of ground realities is $(18)$ target when they endorse the closure of tens of thousands of low-cost private schools for not meeting the minimum standards of land plot, building specifications and playground area as laid out in the RTE Act. Instead of bearing down $(19)$ on private schools for failing to conform to abstract bureaucratic criteria, efforts to bring about universal education should focus on upgrading and expanding the existing government school infrastructure to accommodate all. Only then can we ensure the much needed supply-demand $(20)$ in the education sector.
$(18)$
A.  on
B.  of
C.  often
D.  taken
E.  off
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19 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which came $(11)$ effect in April this year, is meant to transform the education sector and take India closer to the goal of universal schooling. But with admissions to the new academic session just $(12)$ the corner, it is fast becoming clear that $(13)$ well intentioned ideas into $(14)$ will take some doing. For a start, the guidelines for admissions under the RTE prohibit schools from conducting any sort of student profiling. The stress on a random yet justifiable admission process means that schools will have to resort to something as quirky as a lottery system. However, leaving admission to a good school to pure $(15)$ will only incentivise manipulations, defeating the very essence of RTE.
The main problem facing the education sector is that of a resource crunch. The provisions for ensuring universal access to education are all very well, $(16)$ we have the infrastructure in place first. Brick and mortar schools need to precede open admission and not the $(17)$ way around. In that sense, legislators' assessment of ground realities is $(18)$ target when they endorse the closure of tens of thousands of low-cost private schools for not meeting the minimum standards of land plot, building specifications and playground area as laid out in the RTE Act. Instead of bearing down $(19)$ on private schools for failing to conform to abstract bureaucratic criteria, efforts to bring about universal education should focus on upgrading and expanding the existing government school infrastructure to accommodate all. Only then can we ensure the much needed supply-demand $(20)$ in the education sector.
$(19)$
A.  soft
B.  more
C.  less
D.  only
E.  hard
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20 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which came $(11)$ effect in April this year, is meant to transform the education sector and take India closer to the goal of universal schooling. But with admissions to the new academic session just $(12)$ the corner, it is fast becoming clear that $(13)$ well intentioned ideas into $(14)$ will take some doing. For a start, the guidelines for admissions under the RTE prohibit schools from conducting any sort of student profiling. The stress on a random yet justifiable admission process means that schools will have to resort to something as quirky as a lottery system. However, leaving admission to a good school to pure $(15)$ will only incentivise manipulations, defeating the very essence of RTE.
The main problem facing the education sector is that of a resource crunch. The provisions for ensuring universal access to education are all very well, $(16)$ we have the infrastructure in place first. Brick and mortar schools need to precede open admission and not the $(17)$ way around. In that sense, legislators' assessment of ground realities is $(18)$ target when they endorse the closure of tens of thousands of low-cost private schools for not meeting the minimum standards of land plot, building specifications and playground area as laid out in the RTE Act. Instead of bearing down $(19)$ on private schools for failing to conform to abstract bureaucratic criteria, efforts to bring about universal education should focus on upgrading and expanding the existing government school infrastructure to accommodate all. Only then can we ensure the much needed supply-demand $(20)$ in the education sector.
$(20)$
A.  need
B.  equilibrium
C.  expectation
D.  attempt
E.  aspects
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21 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

There is a considerable amount of research about the factors that make a company innovate. So is it possible to create an environment $(21 )$ to innovation? This is a particularly pertinent $(22)$ for India today. Massive problems in health, education etc. $(23)$ be solved using a conventional approach but $(24)$ creative and innovative solutions that can ensure radical change and $(25)$. There are several factors in India's $(26)$. Few countries have the rich diversity that India or its large, young population $(27)$. While these $(28)$ innovation policy interventions certain additional steps are also required. These include $(29)$ investment in research and development by $(30)$ the government and the private sector, easy transfer of technology from the academic world etc. To fulfill its promise of being prosperous and to be at the forefront, India must be innovative.
$(21)$
A.  stimuli
B.  conducuve
C.  incentive
D.  facilitated
E.  impetus
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22 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

There is a considerable amount of research about the factors that make a company innovate. So is it possible to create an environment $(21 )$ to innovation? This is a particularly pertinent $(22)$ for India today. Massive problems in health, education etc. $(23)$ be solved using a conventional approach but $(24)$ creative and innovative solutions that can ensure radical change and $(25)$. There are several factors in India's $(26)$. Few countries have the rich diversity that India or its large, young population $(27)$. While these $(28)$ innovation policy interventions certain additional steps are also required. These include $(29)$ investment in research and development by $(30)$ the government and the private sector, easy transfer of technology from the academic world etc. To fulfill its promise of being prosperous and to be at the forefront, India must be innovative.
$(22)$
A.  objective
B.  controversy
C.  doubt
D.  quesiton
E.  inference
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23 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

There is a considerable amount of research about the factors that make a company innovate. So is it possible to create an environment $(21 )$ to innovation? This is a particularly pertinent $(22)$ for India today. Massive problems in health, education etc. $(23)$ be solved using a conventional approach but $(24)$ creative and innovative solutions that can ensure radical change and $(25)$. There are several factors in India's $(26)$. Few countries have the rich diversity that India or its large, young population $(27)$. While these $(28)$ innovation policy interventions certain additional steps are also required. These include $(29)$ investment in research and development by $(30)$ the government and the private sector, easy transfer of technology from the academic world etc. To fulfill its promise of being prosperous and to be at the forefront, India must be innovative.
$(23)$
A.  cannot
B.  possibly
C.  should
D.  never
E.  must
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24 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

There is a considerable amount of research about the factors that make a company innovate. So is it possible to create an environment $(21 )$ to innovation? This is a particularly pertinent $(22)$ for India today. Massive problems in health, education etc. $(23)$ be solved using a conventional approach but $(24)$ creative and innovative solutions that can ensure radical change and $(25)$. There are several factors in India's $(26)$. Few countries have the rich diversity that India or its large, young population $(27)$. While these $(28)$ innovation policy interventions certain additional steps are also required. These include $(29)$ investment in research and development by $(30)$ the government and the private sector, easy transfer of technology from the academic world etc. To fulfill its promise of being prosperous and to be at the forefront, India must be innovative.
$(24)$
A.  necessary
B.  apply
C.  need
D.  consider
E.  requires
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25 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

There is a considerable amount of research about the factors that make a company innovate. So is it possible to create an environment $(21 )$ to innovation? This is a particularly pertinent $(22)$ for India today. Massive problems in health, education etc. $(23)$ be solved using a conventional approach but $(24)$ creative and innovative solutions that can ensure radical change and $(25)$. There are several factors in India's $(26)$. Few countries have the rich diversity that India or its large, young population $(27)$. While these $(28)$ innovation policy interventions certain additional steps are also required. These include $(29)$ investment in research and development by $(30)$ the government and the private sector, easy transfer of technology from the academic world etc. To fulfill its promise of being prosperous and to be at the forefront, India must be innovative.
$(25)$
A.  quantity
B.  advantages
C.  increase
D.  chaos
E.  growth
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26 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

There is a considerable amount of research about the factors that make a company innovate. So is it possible to create an environment $(21 )$ to innovation? This is a particularly pertinent $(22)$ for India today. Massive problems in health, education etc. $(23)$ be solved using a conventional approach but $(24)$ creative and innovative solutions that can ensure radical change and $(25)$. There are several factors in India's $(26)$. Few countries have the rich diversity that India or its large, young population $(27)$. While these $(28)$ innovation policy interventions certain additional steps are also required. These include $(29)$ investment in research and development by $(30)$ the government and the private sector, easy transfer of technology from the academic world etc. To fulfill its promise of being prosperous and to be at the forefront, India must be innovative.
$(26)$
A.  challenges
B.  praised
C.  favour
D.  leverage
E.  esteem
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27 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

There is a considerable amount of research about the factors that make a company innovate. So is it possible to create an environment $(21 )$ to innovation? This is a particularly pertinent $(22)$ for India today. Massive problems in health, education etc. $(23)$ be solved using a conventional approach but $(24)$ creative and innovative solutions that can ensure radical change and $(25)$. There are several factors in India's $(26)$. Few countries have the rich diversity that India or its large, young population $(27)$. While these $(28)$ innovation policy interventions certain additional steps are also required. These include $(29)$ investment in research and development by $(30)$ the government and the private sector, easy transfer of technology from the academic world etc. To fulfill its promise of being prosperous and to be at the forefront, India must be innovative.
$(27)$
A.  blessed
B.  enjoys
C.  endows
D.  prevails
E.  occurs
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28 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

There is a considerable amount of research about the factors that make a company innovate. So is it possible to create an environment $(21 )$ to innovation? This is a particularly pertinent $(22)$ for India today. Massive problems in health, education etc. $(23)$ be solved using a conventional approach but $(24)$ creative and innovative solutions that can ensure radical change and $(25)$. There are several factors in India's $(26)$. Few countries have the rich diversity that India or its large, young population $(27)$. While these $(28)$ innovation policy interventions certain additional steps are also required. These include $(29)$ investment in research and development by $(30)$ the government and the private sector, easy transfer of technology from the academic world etc. To fulfill its promise of being prosperous and to be at the forefront, India must be innovative.
$(28)$
A.  aid
B.  jeoparadise
C.  promotes
D.  endure
E.  cater
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29 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

There is a considerable amount of research about the factors that make a company innovate. So is it possible to create an environment $(21 )$ to innovation? This is a particularly pertinent $(22)$ for India today. Massive problems in health, education etc. $(23)$ be solved using a conventional approach but $(24)$ creative and innovative solutions that can ensure radical change and $(25)$. There are several factors in India's $(26)$. Few countries have the rich diversity that India or its large, young population $(27)$. While these $(28)$ innovation policy interventions certain additional steps are also required. These include $(29)$ investment in research and development by $(30)$ the government and the private sector, easy transfer of technology from the academic world etc. To fulfill its promise of being prosperous and to be at the forefront, India must be innovative.
$(29)$
A.  acute
B.  utilising
C.  restricting
D.  inspiring
E.  increased
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30 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

There is a considerable amount of research about the factors that make a company innovate. So is it possible to create an environment $(21 )$ to innovation? This is a particularly pertinent $(22)$ for India today. Massive problems in health, education etc. $(23)$ be solved using a conventional approach but $(24)$ creative and innovative solutions that can ensure radical change and $(25)$. There are several factors in India's $(26)$. Few countries have the rich diversity that India or its large, young population $(27)$. While these $(28)$ innovation policy interventions certain additional steps are also required. These include $(29)$ investment in research and development by $(30)$ the government and the private sector, easy transfer of technology from the academic world etc. To fulfill its promise of being prosperous and to be at the forefront, India must be innovative.
$(30)$
A.  both
B.  besides
C.  combining
D.  participating
E.  acquire
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Cloze Test 1 Idioms Phrases And Proverbs


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