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1 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The implicit rationale for or the philosophical foundation of the intellectual property rights system in India is embodied in three underlying objectives. First, it seeks to strike a balance between the interests of producers on the one hand and consumers on the other that is, those who develop the scientific knowledge and those who use the goods or services derived the reform. Needless to say every country attempts the same, but whether the balance is reached depends on the level of development. The levels of income in the economy and the stage of development in the society are thus, particularly important in this context.

The logic of exclusions from patent ability follows from this objective. Methods of horticulture and agriculture, as also food, are excluded because such a large proportion of the population is dependent on agriculture for a livelihood and the purchasing power of the poor, even for food is limited, while drugs and medicines are excluded because millions do not have access to basic health care.

Second, it endeavours to ensure rewards for the owners of knowledge or the innovators but, at the same time, aims to place a limitation on the monopoly profits or the quasirents which may be appropriated by the entity that commercialises the technology or transforms the scientific knowledge into a marketable product.This is the logic of compulsory licensing. There are two underlying principles set out in the Patents Act: patents are granted to encourage inventions and to secure that the inventions are worked in India and patents are not granted merely to enable patentees to enjoy a monopoly for the importation of the patented article. Third, it attempts to create an environment which is conducive for the diffusion of existing technologies and the development of new technologies, in so far a technology is a basic determi nation of development in a society that is a late comer to industrialisation. The patentability of process alone, but not products, in some sectors and the reduced form of protection for patents derives from this objective
Which of the following, according to the passage, are excluded from the Patents Act?
[ A ]    Food, drugs and medicines right
[ B ]    Drugs, medicines and clothes
[ C ]    Medicines and mineral products
[ D ]    Food and computers
[ E ]    None of the above
Answer : Option A
Explanation :
Food, drugs and medicines have been excluded from the Patents Act.