advertisements
1 . Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases in the passage are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

A US intelligence portrait of the world in 2030 predicts that China will be the largest economic power, climate change will create instability by contributing to water and food shortages, and there will be a 'tectonic shift' with the rise of a global middle class.

The National Intelligence Council's (NIC) Global Trends Report, published every five years, paints a future in which US power will greatly diminish but no other individual state rises to supplantit.

'There will not be any hegemonic power. Power will shift to networks and coalitions in a multipolar world,' it says. The report offers a series of potential scenarios for 2030. It says the best outcome would be the one in which 'China and the US collaborate on a range of issues, leading to broader global co-operation.' It says the worst is a world in which 'the US draws inward and globalisation stalls.' 'A collapse or sudden retreatof US power probably wouldresult in an extended period of global anarchy; no leading power would be likely to replace the United States as guarantor of the international order,' it says, working on the assumption that the US is a force for stability - a premise open to challenge in Iraq and elsewhere in the Middle East and beyond.

The NIC report draws a distinctionbetween what it calls 'megatrends' - things that are highly likely to occur - and 'game-changers', which are far less certain. Among the megatrends is growing prosperity across the globe. 'The growth of the global middle class constitutes a tectonic shift: for the first time, a majority of the world's population will not be impoverished, and the middle classes will be the most important social and economic sector in the vast majority of countries around the world,' the report says.

With prosperity spreading across the globe will come shifts in influence and power. 'The diffusion of power among countries will have a dramatic impact by 2030. Asia will have surpassed North America and Europe combined in terms of global power, based upon GDP, population size, military spending, and technological investment. China alone will probably have the largest economy, surpassing that of the United States a few years before 2030,' the report says. In addition to China, India and Brazil, regional players such as Colombia, Indonesia, Nigeria, South Africa and Turkey will become especially important to the global economy.

'Meanwhile, the economies of Europe, Japan, and Russia are likely to continue their slow relative declines,' the report says. 'In a tectonic shift, individuals and small groups will have greater accessto lethal and disruptive technologies (particularly precision-strike capabilities, cyber instruments, and bio-terror weaponry), enabling themto perpetrate large-scale violence - a capability formerly the monopoly of states,' it says.

The megatrends also point to increased instability because of rising demand for water, food and energy compounded by climate change.
Which of the following is not among the predictions made about the world in 2030 by a US intelligence report?
[ A ]    There will be a tectonic shift with the rise of a global middle class
[ B ]    Due to climate change there will be shortages of food and water
[ C ]    China will emerge as the largest economic power
[ D ]    India will be a technologically advanced country right
[ E ]    None of these
Answer : Option D
Explanation :

advertisements
500
Write your Comment or Discuss..
    Log in | Sign up

    Copyright 2019-2020 | Privacy Policy | Terms and Conditions | Contact us | Advertise