1 . In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each , five words are suggested , one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case
Hundreds of plants and animals are $(1)$ every day due to deforestation and urbanization, what might happen if this continues in the future? The last mass extinction of plant and animal species occurred 65 million years ago with the Dinosaurs. In all, five mass extinctions have occurred and scientists $(2)$ earth is in the sixth mass extinction. The world as it is now is threatened, including people, who are responsible for earth's $(3)$. Pesticides contaminating water; overharvesting of animals and plants; air pollution; illegal fishing and the clearing of land are direct results of urbanization and deforestation. People have $(4)$ and damaged almost half of earth's land, at a very unsustainable rate.
Global warming is having a serious impact as well. A six-degree Celsius increase in global temperature killed 95% of all species on Earth 251 million years ago. An increase of six-degrees Celsius is forecast this century if a change is not made to $(5)$ the damage done to earth. Humans will be one of the 95% of species lost.
$(2)$
 [ A ]    speak [ B ]    told [ C ]    estimation [ D ]    believe [ E ]    consider
 Answer : Option E Explanation :